AP Biology – Spring Break Assignment *DUE MONDAY 4/6 Read

AP Biology – Spring Break Assignment *DUE MONDAY 4/6
Read Chapter 22
Go through the Chapter 22 PowerPoint on my website
Answer Chapter 22 Homework Questions
Complete Activity 22.1
Complete Activity 22.2
Chapter 22 Homework Questions
1. Briefly describe the main idea for each of the following individual’s understanding of
change over time.
Plato, Aristotle, Linnaeus, Cuvier, Hutton, Lyle, Lamarck
2. Discuss why Darwin called his idea “descent with modification” and why this idea is unique as
compared to the individuals in question No. 1.
3. Summarize in your own words what is meant by Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection.
4. Discuss how the essay by Malthus in 1798 supports the Theory of Natural Selection.
5. Discuss if acquired traits are expected to evolve.
6. Imagine that you have discovered the fossil of an extinct animal in the Rocky Mountains of
North America. Discuss if you would expect this fossil to be more similar (genetically related) to
animals in the deserts of North America or to the animals in the mountains of Africa.
7. A non-AP Biology student makes the following statement: “Organisms adapt to survive”.
Discuss how an AP Reader would accept the accuracy of this statement.
8. Two populations of organisms are placed in adjacent, but significantly different
environments. Would these two populations evolve at the same rate and to the same end
result? Explain.
9. Big T “Theories” must be testable by experimentation and make predictions. Does Darwin’s
“Descent with Modification” qualify as a “Theory”? Justify your response.
10. Consider the terms “evolution” and “natural selection”. Students on past AP exams often
use these terms interchangeably. Discuss if the AP Readers give them credit.
11. Discuss why “survival of the fittest” is a phrase that tends to make AP Readers cringe and
shake their heads in dismay when they see students use it in their exam essays.
12. Explain how the following statement is inaccurate: “Antibiotics have created drug
resistance in MRSA”.