US History Mid-Term Exam Review 2013 (the length of the blank spaces does not correlate to the length of the proper word/number that should be placed in it) Fill in the blanks provided with the best possible answer. Refer to notes and text. This is focused on chapter 11 & 12 in your class texts. 1. In terms of international trade and finance, the United States emerged from World War 1 as a leading creditor nation. 2. The Dawes plan was criticized in Europe because it helped Germany repay reparations from World War 1. 3. Between World War 1 and World War 2, most Americans believed that the United States should follow a foreign policy that emphasized principles of neutrality and isolation. 4. After World War 1, the opposition of some members of Congress to the Treaty of Versailles was based largely on the idea that the treaty would require the United States to join the League of Nations and might result in a loss of United States sovereignty. 5. Public disregard for Prohibition and for laws prohibiting gambling showed that attempts to illustrate public morality may be met with strong resistance. 6. Name reasons as to why the US entered World War 1 (consider other countries such as Germany, France, and United Kingdom) to protect its economic interests To stop attacks on its warships To limit the spread of communism in Europe To punish Germany for war crimes Etc. 7. During the 1920’s the prevailing view of the government and its proper role in the Unites States was to interfere as little as possible. 8. Because of the following quote, United States decided to enter World War 1 in 1917. 9. In the 1920’s, the Sacco and Vanzetti case, the Red Scare, and the activities of the Ku Klux Klan all represented threats to civil liberties. 10. The passage of the Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937 indicated that the United States wanted to isolate itself from conflicts in Europe and Asia. 11. In 1920, when presidential candidate Warren G. Harding called for “a return to normalcy”, he was advocating the policy to reduce international involvement and have less government regulation of businesses. 12. Some people have argued one of the causes of the Great Depression was that Europeans could not buy goods from Americans because Europeans could not sell goods in the American market. This could be the case due to Americas high protective tariffs. 13. The Republican presidents of the 1920s generally followed a foreign policy based on noninvolvement. 14. The Red Scare and the decision of the Supreme Court in Schenck vs. United States yielded the conclusion that civil rights are sometimes compromised by the public’s fear of radical political groups. 15. Avoiding involvement in foreign conflicts was an important goal of the United States foreign policy in the 1920’s. 16. During World War 1 President Woodrow Wilson’s administration used the Espionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918) to silence critics of the war effort. 17. Pursuing isolationism as a means of avoiding involvement in a foreign war was the emphasis of United States foreign policy 18. The Neutrality Acts of the 1930’s was primarily designed to avoid the kinds of foreign policy decisions that led to the United States’ entry into World War 1. 19. America fell into a recession because Europe reduced its purchases of American goods. 20. The Harlem Renaissance of the 1920’s can best be described as a period of great achievement by African American writers, artists, and performers 21. Because the United States wished to restrict the flow of immigrants it passed the immigration acts of 1921 and 1924. 22. The large number of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe contributed most to the growth of nativist attitudes in the United States in the years immediately following the World War 1. 23. In order to improve the relationships between United States and Latin America, President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s created the Good Neighbor policy. 24. The main factors of the major causes of the Red Scare and the Palmer Raids were the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 in Russia and workers’ strikes in the United States. 25. W.E.B Du Bois believed that African Americans should attempt to gain equality in the United States by demanding full and immediate participation in American Society. 26. The boom period in the 1920s was different than earlier boom periods because consumer goods were central to the boom, as opposed to industrial goods. 27. These two people philosophies differed as to the best way that African Americans could effectively achieve equality: Booker T. Washington and W.E.B Du Bois 28. The War Industries Board, the War Labor Board, and the Food Administration were all created as part of the United States war effort for government to be more involved in directing the economy, 29. A disillusionment with the results of World War 1 was a factor contributing to the policy of Neutrality.