US History Mid-Term Exam Review 2013 (the length of the blank spaces does not correlate to the length of the proper word/number that should be placed in it) Fill in the blanks provided with the best possible answer. Refer to notes and text. This is focused on chapter 11 & 12 in your class texts. 1. In terms of international trade and finance, the United States emerged from World War 1 as a leading ________________ nation. 2. The Dawes plan was criticized in Europe because it helped ________________ repay reparations from __________ ____________ _____________. 3. Between World War 1 and World War 2, most Americans believed that the United States should follow a _________________ __________________ that emphasized principles of ______________ and _______________ 4. After World War 1, the opposition of some members of Congress to the ___________ of _____________ was based largely on the idea that the treaty would require the United States to join the League of Nations and might result in a loss of United States sovereignty. 5. Public disregard for ______________ and for laws prohibiting gambling showed that attempts to illustrate public morality may be meet with strong resistance. 6. Name reasons as to why the US entered World War 1 (consider other countries such as Germany, France, and United Kingdom) 7. During the 1920’s the prevailing view of the government and its proper role in the Unites States was to _______________ as little as possible. 8. Because of the following quote, United States decided to enter ___________ ______________ ___________ in 1917. 9. In the 1920’s, the ___________ and ____________ case, the Red Scare, and the activities of the Ku Klux Klan all represented threats to civil liberties. 10. The passage of the _____________ ____________ of 1935 and 1937 indicated that the United States wanted to isolate itself from conflicts in Europe and Asia. 11. In 1920, when presidential candidate __________ _____________ called for “a _________ to ___________”, he was advocating the policy to reduce international involvement and have less government regulation of businesses. 12. Some people have argued one of the causes of the __________ _____________ was that Europeans could not buy goods from Americans because Europeans could not sell goods in the American market. This could be the case due to Americas high protective __________. 13. The Republican presidents of the 1920s generally followed a foreign policy based on ______________. 14. The Red Scare and the decision of the Supreme Court in __________vs. ____________ yielded the conclusion that civil rights are sometimes compromised by the public’s fear of radical political groups. 15. Avoiding ______________ in foreign conflicts was an important goal of the United states foreign policy in the 1920’s. 16. During World War 1 President Woodrow Wilson’s administration used the _______________ Act (1917) and the _______________ Act (1918) to silence critics of the war effort. 17. Pursuing _______________ as a means of avoiding involvement in a foreign war was the emphasis of United States foreign policy 18. The ____________ ____________ of the 1930’s was primarily designed to avoid the kinds of foreign policy decisions that led to the United States’ entry into World War 1. 19. America fell into ______________ because Europe reduced its purchases of American goods. 20. The _____________ _______________ of the 1920’s can best be described as a period of great achievement by African American writers, artists, and performers 21. Because the United States wished to restrict the flow of immigrants it passed the _____________ Acts of 1921 and 1924. 22. The large number of immigrants from southern and eastern ____________ contributed most to the growth of nativist attitudes in the United States in the years immediately following the World War 1. 23. In order to improve the relationships between United States and Latin America, President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s created the _____________ ________________ policy. 24. The main factors of the major causes of the Red Scare and the Palmer Raids were the ______________ Revolution of 1917 in Russia and workers’ strikes in the United States. 25. W.E.B Du Bois believed that _____________ _______________ should attempt to gain equality in the United States by demanding full and immediate participation in American Society. 26. The boom period in the 1920s was different than earlier boom periods because consumer goods were central to the boom, as opposed to _______________ goods. 27. These two people philosophies differed as to the best way that African Americans could effectively achieve equality: _________________ ________ ________________ and ________________ _______ ____________________ 28. The War ___________ Board, the War ___________ Board, and the _______ Administration were all created as part of the United States war effort for government to be more involved in directing the economy, 29. A disillusionment with the results of World War 1 was a factor contributing to the policy of ___________.