Recent Advances in Understanding Passivity of Metals and Alloys
Philippe Marcus
Institut de Recherche de Chimie Paris/ Physical Chemistry of Surfaces
CNRS-Chimie ParisTech
Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris
11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France
Recent advances in the understanding of passivity of metals and alloys at the nanoscale will be
presented, in which passivity and initiation of localized corrosion were investigated using
advanced surface analytical techniques such as STM, STS, XPS,ToF-SIMS, combined with
electrochemical measurements, and complemented by DFT modelling.
The following points will be addressed :
The metal/water interface : interrogating the early stage of interaction (using in situ Scanning
Tunneling Microscopy (STM))
Nanostructure of passive oxide films on metals (Cu, Ni, Cr) and alloys (stainless steels):
- Crystallinity of passive films : evidence of the crystalline nature of passive films on
several metals (Cu, Ni, Cr) and alloys (ferritic and austenitic stainless steels)
- Oxide/metal epitaxy : the epitaxial relationship between inner oxide films and metallic
- Effects of time of polarization on oxide crystallinity
- Compositional heterogeneity of surface oxides on stainless steel
Effect of surface defects on localized corrosion studied at high resolution
Atomistic modelling of corrosion using density functional theory (DFT)