CHEM 1030L Fundamentals of Chemistry Laboratory Pre-lab Review - Experimental Design Week 2 Prepare for Laboratory 1. Review the following textbook section(s) 1.2 – Scientific Method: Thinking Like a Scientist 10.1 – Acids and Bases 10.2 – Strengths of Acids and Bases 10.5 – The pH Scale 10.6 – Reactions of Acids and Bases 10.7 – Buffers 2. Review the Lab Procedure and other documents posted online. 3. Be able to work the following textbook problems. Acids and bases: 10.1 Strengths of acids and bases: 10.15 pH: 10.37 Acid-base reactions: 10.45, 10.47 4. Be able to summarize the purpose of the experiment. Two or three sentences summarizing what you will do, what you expect to learn, and what chemical or scientific principles you expect to understand better. Imagine what you would tell your roommate over a breakfast of Pop-Tarts about what you will be doing in lab that day. 5. Know and be able to do the following. a. Define the following terms (the glossary/index at the back of the textbook may be helpful) buffer acid base enzyme neutralization reaction solute molarity dilution biofuel b. Identify steps in the scientific method (textbook section P.2). c. The names and formulas of the three reagents used for chemical pretreatment. 6. Example questions a. Write the name or formula of the following compounds in the corresponding blank. HCl ____________________________________ sulfuric acid ____________________________________ KOH ____________________________________ b. Write the definition of a buffer. c. Write the definition of an acid. d. Write the definition of a base. e. Write the definition of an enzyme. f. Briefly describe the scientific method. g. Draw a diagram that shows the steps of the scientific method and how they relate to each other. h. Write the equation used to calculate the concentration of a diluted solution. i. Name the three reagents used for chemical pretreatment. j. Name the two types of mechanical or physical pretreatment that will be used.