Unit #1: The Newcomers Lesson 3- The Religious Figures Learning Goal: Understanding how Canada’s early history was influenced by events that took place in Europe. Background information: Roman Catholic was Europe’s only major religion until the 1500’s. Reformers such as Martin Luther in Germany, John Calvin in Switzerland, and John Knox in Scotland challenged the Roman Catholic Church. They set up separate churches, and were called “Protestant” because they protested the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. The Jesuit Priests What are the differences between a Jesuit priest and a “regular” priest? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zU4o-5jd1fI Jesuit priests have two goals in mind: 1. To spread the Roman Catholic religion to the first nations people 2. To establish schools for boys Sainte- Marie among the Hurons: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oeyAcsFzK0c In 1639, construction began on a centre in Midland Ontario of strong walls and gates made of wood that would be a missionary centre near major canoe routes. The Iroquois attacked the Huron in 1648 and five Jesuits who worked in Huron villages were killed. In 1649 the Jesuits decided to abandon Sainte-Marie, and built a new centre on Christian Island. They were not any safer at the new location and struggled with lack of food and protection; this was shown in the winter of 1649 when the Iroquois destroyed the centre by walking across the ice to Christian Island. The Ursuline Nuns: KEY WORD: A Convent is a community of nuns, who are women dedicated to serving God and the church. In your textbook, read page H-12 and answer the following: Who was Marie Martin? What did she do that was important? Where was she situated? Why was her impact so important? How did Marie change education for young women in the past/present?