AP Psych Chapters 3 and 4 Test Review Chapter 3 Neurons: basic parts Neural impulse: know the charge inside an axon and what happens to initiate an impulse Inhibitory and excitatory postsynaptic potentials Reuptake Lock and key principle Agonist/Antagonist Endorphins Nervous systems: know the basic systems and what function they serve Afferent/Efferent nerves Devices to monitor the brain Brain structures and functions; lobes of the brain as well Broca’s and Wernicke’s Areas Brain lateralization Endocrine system Dominant/recessive genes Phenotype/genotype Chapter 4 Absolute threshold and Just Noticeable Difference Signal-Detection Method: know hit, miss, false alarm, correct rejection; Also know how expectations affect it Effects of subliminal messages Light perception: how wavelength, amplitude, purity, and saturation affect it Parts of the eye and function: includes retina (cones and rods) Parallel processing: what it is; also parvocellular and magnocellular Theories of color vision Feature analysis Gestalt principles Binocular and monocular depth cues Sound: how do amplitude, wavelength, and purity affect perception of sound; how do we measure sound Structures of the ear and function Theories of hearing (place, frequency, volley principle) Auditory localization Other senses: gustatory, olfactory, hot/cold touch, vestibular system, kinesthetic system Essay Options 1. Compare and contrast the nervous system and the endocrine system. 2. Provide an overview of the Trichromatic and Opponent Process theories of color vision and resolve the “debate” between the two. 3. Provide an overview of the place and frequency theories of pitch perception and resolve the “debate” between the two.