Chapter 3 Critically reviewing the literature

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By
Dileesha Sandeepana
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To conduct a ‘preliminary’ search of existing
material.

To organize valuable ideas & findings.

To identify other researches that may be in
progress.

To generate research ideas.
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To develop a critical perspective.
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Deductive:
Developing a conceptual frame work which is
tested using data.
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Inductive:
Explores the data to develop theories which is
then subsequently relate to the literature.
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To refine research questions & objectives.
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To highlight research possibilities.
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To discover recommendations for further research.

To avoid repeating work.

To sample current opinions in newspapers &
journals.

To provide insights into strategies, approaches &
techniques.

Previewing
 Annotating
 Summarizing
 Comparing & contrasting

Why am I reading this?

What is the author trying to do in writing this?

What is the writer saying that is relevant to
what I want to find out?

How convincing is this?

What use can I make of this reading?
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Include key academic theories
Demonstrate that the chosen area is
up to date.
Use clear referencing for the reader to
find the original cited publications.

A single chapter

A series of chapters

Throughout the report

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Demonstrate that you have read, understood
& evaluated your material.
Link the different ideas to form a cohesive &
coherent argument.
Make clear connections to your research
objectives & the subsequent empirical
material.

Define the research parameters.

Generate key words.

Discuss your research.

Brainstorm ideas.

Construct Relevance trees.
Techniques

Define the scope of your review.

Access relevance & value.

Access sufficiency.

Biographic details.

Brief summary of content.

Supplementary information.

Stealing from another source.

Submitting material written by another.

Copying material without quotation marks.

Paraphrasing material without documentation.
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Importance of critically reviewing literature.
Approaches.
Skills for effective reading.
Structure of the literature review.
Three main categories of sources.
Literature search strategy.
Evaluating.
Recording.
Thank you…
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