1509 Henry becomes King 1515 Early in Henry’s reign,Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of York, is made Lord Chancellor of England and Cardinal 1517 The Protestant Reformation begins, with Martin Luther famously nailing his 95 ‘theses’ or ideas to the door of Wittenberg Cathedral 1521 In response to his work to protect the Catholic Church from the ideas of reformers like Luther, Leo X awards Henry VIII the title of ‘Defender of the Faith’ 1529 Henry VIII dismisses Wolsey as Lord Chancellor for failing to obtain permission to divorce Catherine. He appoints Sir Thomas More as Chancellor instead and the Reformation Parliament begins to cut ties with the Roman Catholic Church 1533 Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn and is excommunicated by Pope Clement VII. Thomas Cranmer becomes Archbishop of Canterbury 1534 Henry passes the Act of Supremacy, making him Supreme Head of the Church of England 1535 Sir Thomas More is beheaded for refusing to accept that Henry is now Supreme Head of the English Church 1536 Anne Boleyn is beheaded and Henry marries Jane Seymour. The Dissolution of the Monasteries begins under the direction of Cromwell 1537 Jane Seymour dies after the birth of her son the future Edward VI 1540 Henry marries – and then divorces – Anne of Cleeves. He has his Chancellor, Cromwell executed for the mistake.