Lesson 36: Henry VIII and the Monasteries Long- and short-term causes of King Henry’s changes to the religion of England Long-term causes He wanted a son. Short-term causes He believed that God was stopping him from having a son to punish a divorce from Catherine of him for marrying Catherine of Aragon. Aragon. The Pope would not give Henry Henry needed to marry Anne The Catholic Church had a great Boleyn before her baby was deal of power and money in born to make it legitimate. England. http://education.hodge.continuumbooks.com © Susie Hodge (2010) Resources for Teaching History 11–14. London: Continuum.