Review Sheet- Key - Newark Central Schools

Name: ___________________________________
Global 9
Date: ____________
Period: ___________
Review: Medieval Europe and Early Japan
1. The Dark Ages occurred after the fall of
what empire? Rome
7. Fill in the European feudal hierarchy:
2. What were five ways things changed at the
start of the Early Middle Ages?
 Western Europe was split into many
separate Germanic kingdoms
 increase in warfare
 decline in trade/economy
 lost interest in learning
 No cities- people live in rural villages
3. List two ways that show the Church was a
powerful force in Europe during the Middle
 Pope had both spiritual and political
 Church was at the center of each manor
 People became devoted to God because
their lives are difficult
4. Who was Charlemagne and what was he
known for?
 Leader of the Franks- expanded
 Became Roman emperor in 800
 Symbolized coming together of
Roman, Christian and German ideas.
5. What is feudalism?
 A political and social system in which
land is exchanged for loyalty and
8. The feudal system emerged as a means to
 social/political stability/order
 provide protection
9. What is Manorialism?
 The Medieval Economic system in
which people lived in self-sufficient
communities run by feudal lords
10. Under Manorialism, wealth was based on
11. Manors were self-sufficient (true/false)
12. Who made up the majority of the population
in Medieval Europe? serfs
13. The Crusades were a series of holy wars
between Christians & Muslims for control
of the holy land (Jerusalem).
6. Feudalism is characterized as a: (circle one)
 decentralized system of government
 centralized system of government
14. What were the results of the crusades?
(If Turks Traveled, They would Trade)
21. Draw Japan’s feudal hierarchy.
Improvements (ships, maps, explorers)
Feudalism declines
Turks control the Holy Land
Travel increases around the world
Trade increases between Europe and the
Middle East which leads to more
cultural diffusion
15. What was the black death?
The bubonic plague that killed 1/3 of the
population. It started in China and spread
through the Middle East to Europe.
16. Where did it start and spread to?
It started in China and spread to the
Middle East and Europe
17. What caused it to spread?
Fleas (traveling on rats) spread the
disease. An increase in trade led to an
increase in the spread of the disease.
18. What is a chain of islands called?
22. Who held the most real power in Japanese
feudalism? Shogun
23. How are European chivalry and Japanese
Bushido similar? Both are codes of conduct
the warriors in the society must follow
24. Tokugawa is the name of the warrior
family that ruled Japan from 1303-1863.
25. The Tokugawa Shogunate led to an increase
 social order/ stability
19. Most of Japan is covered in which
geographic feature? How did they adapt?
Mountains- They used terrace farming
peaceful conditions
trade and travel
20. Japan’s population and culture
growth of cities
 High population density (true/false)
 Have a true respect for nature (true/false)
 Homogeneous society: people have the same
genes, ethnicity and culture
 Ethnocentric: belief that your culture is
 Shintoism: belief that spirits exist in nature
 Selective borrowing: taking on only
certain aspects of a culture (Japan mostly
borrowed from China and Korea)
26. The Tokugawa shoguns enforced a policy of
isolationism. By 1639 they had banned
almost all contact with the outside world.