Review Sheet for Early Civilization Test (Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River Valley and China) Vocabulary: Delta Theocracy Hieroglyphics Mesopotamia Cultural diffusion Specialization Scribe Barter Hinduism Cataract Mandate of Heaven Oracle Bones Narmer Pyramid Papyrus City-state Polytheism Hammurabi Artisan Cuneiform Ziggurat Caste System Monsoon Feudalism Shang Harappan Civilization Pharaoh Mummification Fertile Crescent Dynasty Empire Civilization Complex Institution Bronze Age Rosetta Stone Epic of Gilgamesh Sub Continent Dynastic Cycle Geography: Mesopotamia Fertile Crescent Tigress and Euphrates North China Plain Nile Iraq Egypt Indus River Valley Pakistan Hindu Kush Himalayas Yellow River Mediterranean Sea Themes to understand: 5 themes of civilization Social structure (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus, China) How did Hammurabi’s Code unite people? How did the code work for lower class? Egyptian religion Pharaoh’s responsibilities Egyptian afterlife Scientific achievements and technology (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus, China) Environmental challenges and solutions (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus, China) Mandate of Heaven End of Indus Civilization Planned cities of Indus Feudalism Chinese Culture Chinese written language brings unity Essay Questions 1. How was the Egyptian civilization a gift of the Nile? 2. How did these early civilizations make use of their environment and overcome environmental challenges? Be sure to include at least 3 of the 4 major civilizations. 3. Explain the Dynastic Cycle. Was the Chinese Mandate of Heaven a positive or negative effect in the Chinese culture?