Review Sheet for Early Civilization Quiz

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Review Sheet for Early Civilization Test
(Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River Valley and China)
Vocabulary:
Delta
Theocracy
Hieroglyphics
Mesopotamia
Cultural diffusion
Specialization
Scribe
Barter
Hinduism
Cataract
Mandate of Heaven
Oracle Bones
Narmer
Pyramid
Papyrus
City-state
Polytheism
Hammurabi
Artisan
Cuneiform
Ziggurat
Caste System
Monsoon
Feudalism
Shang
Harappan Civilization
Pharaoh
Mummification
Fertile Crescent
Dynasty
Empire
Civilization
Complex Institution
Bronze Age
Rosetta Stone
Epic of Gilgamesh
Sub Continent
Dynastic Cycle
Geography:
Mesopotamia
Fertile Crescent
Tigress and Euphrates
North China Plain
Nile
Iraq
Egypt
Indus River Valley
Pakistan
Hindu Kush
Himalayas
Yellow River
Mediterranean Sea
Themes to understand:
5 themes of civilization
Social structure (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus, China)
How did Hammurabi’s Code unite people? How did the code work for lower class?
Egyptian religion
Pharaoh’s responsibilities
Egyptian afterlife
Scientific achievements and technology (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus, China)
Environmental challenges and solutions (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus, China)
Mandate of Heaven
End of Indus Civilization
Planned cities of Indus
Feudalism
Chinese Culture
Chinese written language brings unity
Essay Questions
1. How was the Egyptian civilization a gift of the Nile?
2. How did these early civilizations make use of their environment and overcome
environmental challenges? Be sure to include at least 3 of the 4 major
civilizations.
3. Explain the Dynastic Cycle. Was the Chinese Mandate of Heaven a positive or
negative effect in the Chinese culture?
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