Ch. 1 Homework - Fredericksburg City Public Schools

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World Geography – Ms. Devine

Chapter 1 Homework

Section 1: Thinking Like a Geographer!

1. What’s the Idea? (p. 13)

2. What is geography?

The Five Themes of

Geography

Definition

Name_________________________

Period______ Date______________

3. Location

4. Place

5. Human-Environment

Interaction

6. Movement

7. Regions

8. What do physical geographers study?

a) Absolute b) Relative

9. What kinds of things do physical geographers do as part of their jobs?

10. What do human geographers study?

11. What kinds of things do human geographers do as part of their jobs?

Example (try to think of one NOT in the book!)

The Four Long Periods of History

12. Prehistory

13. Ancient History

14. Middle Ages or Medieval Period

15. Modern History

When Did They Occur?

16. Satellites circling the earth are constantly updating and providing images and photographs. What other 2 functions do satellites perform?

17. What does GPS stand for, and what does it do?

18. What does GIS stand for, and what types of information can it show?

19. What is another name for a mapmaker (a person who makes maps)?

20. Globes

21. Maps

Advantages Disadvantages

Identify the following map projections:

22.

23.

24.

Lines of Latitude (p.24)

25.

(This one is not in your book, but you need to know it. We’ll go over it in class, but take a good guess!)

Lines of Longitude (p.24)

26. What is another name for lines of latitude?

27. What line is located at 0° latitude?

28. Which two letters must follow the degree sign

(°) to indicate latitude?

29. What is another name for lines of longitude?

30. What line is located at 0° longitude?

31. Which two letters must follow the degree sign

(°) to indicate longitude?

32. What line divides the Earth into the northern and southern hemispheres?

33. What line divides the Earth into the eastern and western hemispheres?

Identify the following parts of a map according to the definitions provided: (p.26)

37.

38.

39.

34.

35.

36.

Show the extent of an area’s territory

Symbolized by a star

Measures distance on a map

Explains the symbols and colors; a legend

Symbolized by a circle

Tells you what information the map is showing

40. Tells you cardinal directions (N, S, E, W)

41. What is scale (often referred to as map scale)?

42. Would you use a small-scale map or a large-scale map to plan a road trip from Fredericksburg, VA to

New York City?

General Purpose Maps

Show a wide range of information about an area. Describe the purpose of the following general purpose maps:

43. Physical Maps

44. Political Maps

Thematic Maps (or

Special Purpose Maps)

45. Contour Maps

46.

47.

Show specific topics in detail. Explain a contour map below and then give two more examples of thematic maps:

Graphs

48. Bar Graph

49. Circle Graph

50. Line Graph

Graphs present and summarize information visually.

Illustrate the following types of graphs in the space below:

Section 2: The Earth in Space -

The Earth is one of eight planets in the solar system.

51. How long does it take for the Earth to make a complete revolution or orbit around the sun?

52. What do we do with the “extra” ¼ day?

61.

Label on the diagram above, including dates, and briefly describe the following:

53. Summer Solstice-

54. Winter Solstice-

55. Spring Equinox-

56. Fall /Autumnal Equinox-

After reading the description of the “Effects of Latitude” (p. 38), label if the temperature is

WARM,

COLD

, or whether the seasons

VARY GREATLY

in the various latitude zones.

57. High Latitudes

58. Mid Latitudes

59. Low Latitudes

60. Mid Latitudes

61. High Latitudes

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