Absolute location Absolute location – the exact spot at which a place is found on the globe To find absolute location geographers use a grid system using lines that run north to south and east to west This system helps you find places on the earth’s surface Latitude Lines of latitude measure the distance north or south. Equator-the line that runs across the middle of the earth and measures O degrees. The equator divides the earth into 2 hemispheres: north and south If a place is above the equator it has a north latitude, if it is below it has a south latitude. Longitude Lines of longitude measure the distance east or west Prime meridian-the line that runs north to south and measures O degrees The prime meridian divides the earth into two hemisphere: east and west If a place is east of the Prime meridian it has an east longitude, it is west of the prime meridian it has a west longitude The Global Grid Every place has a global address, called the absolute location. Latitude and Longitude are measured in degrees. For more precise measurements degrees are divided into minutes. Example: Owensboro’s absolute location is Latitude: 37 degrees 46 minutes N, Longitude: 87 degrees 7 minutes W.