Geography Latitude and Longitude By Nick Pignatore What is Geography? Geography is the study of physical things and cultural things found on earth. Geo means “Earth” Graphy means “to write or describe” Five Themes of Geography Location Place Movement Human-Environment Interaction Regions Latitude A set of imaginary lines that circle the earth to help find locations Lines run from east to west Lines of latitude are also called parallels Measured in degrees North and South of the Equator Longitude A set of imaginary lines that circle the earth to help find locations Lines run from north to south Lines of longitude are also called meridians Measured in degrees East and West of the Prime Meridian Similarities and Differences: Latitude and Longitude Special Lines Equator Prime Meridian International Date Line Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Lat./Long. Relationship Analogy Location Absolute Location: Uses latitude and longitude to indicate a specific point on earth. Example: Lincoln, NE is at 45 deg. North, 110 deg. West Relative Location: Tells where something is in relation to something else. Example: Salt Creek is near Lincoln If you can trace two lines… …You can find ANY location on the globe! Find the absolute location of New York City What is the relative location of California? What is at 40N,105W? Challenge: Next to Pizza Hut is to Relative Location as Coordinates are to _________? 45 degrees North is to 45 degrees South as 50 degrees West is to ________? Bonus!! What is this famous landmark and what are its coordinates? Review Latitude runs east-west but is measured north-south. Longitude runs north-south but is measured east-west. The Equator and Prime Meridian are VITAL reference points. What is the difference between absolute and relative location?