chap 1

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Study Guide: Chapter 1

The Birth of Art; Africa, Europe, and the Near East in the Stone Age Text pages 14-29 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) What is recognition? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Why won't art historians declare the Makapansgat pebble as art? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ What two questions did the Apollo 11 cave artist have to have answered before painting? a) b) ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Why were art historians certain that statuettes like Fig 1-3 were important to those that created them? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Define the following terms: a) Chronology (see Introduction for this one): b) ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Paleolithic: ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Twisted perspective: c) ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Around what date are human beings thought to have intentionally created art works? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What subject was most often depicted by Paleolithic artists? Why? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Name two caves or caverns that contain Paleolithic paintings, and give a reason for their placement deep in the caves. What countries are they located in?

Study Guide: Chapter 1

__________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 9) The cavern of Pech-Merle contains a number of handprints, some of which are described as "negative" (Fig 1-10) others as "positive". What are they thought to have meant? Where is Pech Merle? __________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 10) Name two different techniques used at Lascaux to depict animals (Fig 1-11): __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 11) Historians and scholars have determined two possible interpretations of cave paintings. Name and explain them: __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 12) Define the following terms: a) Neolithic: __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ b) Lintel: __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ c) Megalith: __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ d) Terracotta:

Study Guide: Chapter 1

__________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 13) List two important Neolithic sites in ancient Near East: a) b) _______________________________________ _______________________________________ 14) Which site contained the earliest permanent stone fortifications?? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 15) Which site is best known for its wall paintings and shrines? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 16) List two subjects that were portrayed in the paintings at Catal Hoyuk. What technique was used? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 17) List three societal changes that occurred from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic period: a) b) c) _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 18) List three artistic changes that occurred from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic period: a) _________________________________________________________________ b) c) _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 19) Approximately when was Stonehenge erected and why was it erected? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 20) The first sculptures and paintings came before:___________________________________________ 21) Paleolithic people and their Neolithic successors invented many of the techniques and established many of the conventions that would: __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________

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