Super Sleuth Review Directions: Use your archaeology, migration, Paleolithic and Neolithic material to answer the following questions to review for your Prehistory test. 1. The most important difference between the Paleolithic and Neolithic Age is the change in which people got food-changed from hunters and gatherers to farmers and herders 5. What was the name given to the type of building style started in Neolithic Age? Post-and-lintel construction 9. Name four of the major occupations people had during the Neolithic Age. Farmers, weavers, metal workers and pottery makers 13. One of the earliest artifacts used to decode hieroglyphic writing is the Rosetta Stone 2. The term homo sapiens means man who thinks. 3. Specialization was the result of surplus food 4. The first humans on earth probably lived in _Africa. 6. Which group of humans were known for their skillful toolmaking? Cro-Magnons 7. An area of land used for hunting is called a home territory 10. The village chief had other roles in Neolithic times, what were they? Priest and judge 11. The earliest known villages were found in SW Asia 8. What is the name of the land bridge that early humans used to cross into the Americas? Beringia 12. The radio-active element that gradually disappears after a living thing dies is called Carbon 14 17. Name several types of shelters used by humans during the Paleolithic Age. Caves, mammoth rib bone shelters, tents, rocky overhangs 18. What are two things that archaeologists use to study prehistory? Fossils and artifacts 14. An archaeologist is a lot like a Detective Name one:_Jericho, CatalHuyuk 15. Why do archaeologist choose excavation sites near riverbeds and streams? Because early villages would have been built close to a fresh water source 19. Archaeologist must design a _grid before they start to excavate. 16. Name an artifact. Pottery, arrowheads, tools, weapons, cloth, etc. Anything man-made 20. What substance was used to keep fires light in damp conditions pine resin * Choose one important discovery or development made by prehistoric people. Explain how this discovery or development occurred, how it improved their lives and how life today would be different without it. Write this in paragraph form (6 sentences or more) on the back of this sheet.