Ecology Review Name: Date: Organization of the Ecosystem: Level Definition Example Picture Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Compare and Contrast: A Marine Ecosystem to a Terrestrial Ecosystem. Remember to think about the animals that live there, other biotic and abiotic factors. Ecology Review What is the Nitrogen Cycle? What is the purpose of the Nitrogen Cycle? What is the Carbon Cycle? What is the purpose of the Carbon Cycle? What is the Water Cycle? What is the purpose of the Water Cycle? Symbiotic Relationships Types of Relationship Definition Three Examples of Each Mutualism Commensalism Parasitism Prey and Predator Using the following symbols represent the three different types of Symbiotic Relationships. Then Explain your answer. (+)-Positive; (-)-Negative; (0)-Neutral (Not bothered) Relationship Mutualism Commensalism Parasitism Prey and Predator Ecology Review Vocabulary Review: Multiple Choice select the correct answer 1. A beach is considered to be a ______________ because it has all the things a living organism needs. a. Ecosystem b. Habitat c. Environment d. Biome 4. The continuous movement of carbon between living organisms and the environment. a. Nitrogen Cycle b. Carbon Cycle c. Water Cycle d. Cellular Respiration 7. This is the process in which cells use to get energy from food. a. Cellular Respiration b. Photosynthesis c. Chemosynthesis d. Carbon Cycle 10. Continuous movement of water on Earth. a. Nitrogen Cycle b. Carbon Cycle c. Chemosynthesis d. Water Cycle 13. A relationship in which both animals benefit. I hope you all have this type of friendships. a. Symbiosis b. Mutualism c. Parasitism d. Commensalism 16. This is the function of an organism within and ecosystem. a. Producer b. Consumer c. Niche d. Autotroph 2. Materials that nourish the body. a. Niche b. Vitamins c. Nutrients d. Prey 5. A puddle of water is disappearing outside on a hot day. What part of the water cycle is this? a. Transpiration b. Precipitation c. Condensation d. Evaporation 8. When organisms of two or more different species, often but not necessarily benefiting each member. a. Mutualism b. Commensalism c. Parasitism d. Symbiosis 11. An individual living thing made up of one or more cells that grows and reproduces. a. Species b. Organism c. Predator d. Prey 14. A buzzard is an example of an __________, because it eats dead organisms. a. Predator b. Scavenger c. Prey d. Competition 17. A group of deer in a given area. a. Community b. Population c. Species d. Ecosystem 3. The process at which gas changes to a liquid. a. Transpiration b. Evaporation c. Condensation d. Precipitation 6. A relationship when one organism benefits and the other is harmed. a. Symbiosis b. Mutualism c. Parasitism d. Commensalism 9. The continuous process of nitrogen is exchanged between organisms and the environment. a. Nitrogen Cycle b. Carbon Cycle c. Water Cycle d. Chemosynthesis 12. An organism that can produce its own food. a. Consumer b. Heterotroph c. Autotroph d. Predator 15. In this relationship one organism is unharmed while the other benefits. a. Symbiosis b. Mutualism c. Parasitism d. Commensalism 18. The study of the relationships between living things in the environment a. Biology b. Geology c. Ecology d. Oceanography Ecology Review 19. A community of organism and their nonliving environment. a. Biome b. Population c. Community d. Ecosystem 20. When more than one organism requires the same thing for survival it is called…. a. Predation b. Symbiosis c. Competition d. Extinction 21. The process in which plants give off water vapor. a. Precipitation b. Condensation c. Evaporation d. Transpiration Short answer: 1. In the food web pyramid why does the consumers require less energy than the layer of producers? 2. If coyotes are removed from an ecosystem, what is going to happen to the population of deer in that area? 3. What happens as a population grows or decreases and its relationship to competition? 4. What type of relationship is negative for one organism, but positive for the over? Give an example of this relationship. 5. A farmer has illegally used a pesticide, and it has killed a large population of local rabbits, what else will this affect in this ecosystem?