Gas Laws Review Guide

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Gas Laws Review Guide
A) Vocab:
Know and understand the following vocab words:
Pressure
PV=nRT
Hypertonic
Kelvin
Charles’s Law
Diffusion
Hypotonic
Vacuum
Boyle’s Law
Osmosis
Isotonic
Buoyant Force
Gay-Lussac’s Law
Concentration Gradient
Bernoulli’s Principle
Archimedes’ Principle
Pascal
Equilibrium
Buoyancy
B) Ideal Gas Law Problems
1) A sealed container has 4.1 moles of Ne gas inside of it. What is the volume of the container if it is being held at a constant
pressure of 432 kPa and temperature of 21 degrees C?
2) How many moles of Kr would there be in a balloon that has a volume of 3 liters under normal atmospheric pressure of
101.3 kPa and a constant room temperature of 70 degrees F?
(Adv. Science….Convert moles to grams and number of total atoms)
C) Examples of Gas Laws
For each problem, define what law it is describing then explain what you would expect to happen.
1) The temperature inside my refrigerator is about 40 Celsius. If I place a balloon in my fridge that initially has a temperature
of 220 C and a volume of 0.5 liters, what will be the volume of the balloon when it is fully cooled by my refrigerator?
Law: ____________________________
Outcome:
2) A container of gas has a temperature of 14 0C, and a volume of 4.5 liters. If the temperature is held constant at 14 0C and
volume of the contain changes to 2.3 liters, what will happen to the pressure?
Law: ____________________________
Outcome:
3) Little Katie is sitting upstairs in her room while her mother cooks dinner. At first she doesn’t smelt the aroma but over
time she can start to smell the cooking of the homemade pizza.
Law: ____________________________
Outcome:
5) The tub of water pictured below has two different solutions of water separated by a semi permeable membrane. What
would you expect to happen?
Law: ____________________________
Outcome:
D) Year End Vocab
Can you define the following vocab terms we have covered throughout the entire year?
Intro to Science
Metric System
Meter
Liter
Gram
Steps of the Scientific
Method
Qualitative
Quantitative
Law
Theory
Control
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Mass
Volume
Density
Physics
Distance
Displacement
Speed
-Constant
-Average
-Instantaneous
Velocity
Acceleration
Force
Gravity
Friction
Newton’s Laws
-1stlaw of motion
-2nd law of motion
-3rd law of motion
Projectile
Vertical Motion
Horizontal Motion
Circular Motion
-Centripetal Force
Momentum
Law of Conservation of
Momentum
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Law of Conservation of Energy
Chemistry
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Nucleus
Electron Cloud
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Isotope
Group/Family
Ductile
Malleable
Valence Electrons
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Ion
Molecule
Compound
Polar Molecule
Nonpolar Molecule
Chemical Equation
Exothermic
Endothremic
Alkali Metal
Alkaline Earth Metal
Transition Metal
Metalloid
Halogen
Noble Gas
Acids/Bases
Acid
Base
Neutral
pH Scale
Corrosive
Electrolyte
Hydroxide Ion
Hydrogen Ion
Hydronium Ion
Indicator
Neutralization Reactions
Acid Rain
Lab Safety
There are flashcards online to help you review for this part of the test. If you go to the “Review” tab on my website under the
Physical Science section on the left hand side the following links are great websites to review vocab terms.
-Intro to Science and Physics Vocab -Acid/Base Flashcards
-Gas Laws and Liquids
Chemistry Vocab
Download
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