Day6 Verbs Adj Adv packet

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Name:
Ms. Pietrus
Honors English 1, Period
Date: Wed. 9/16 or Thurs. 9/17
Honors English 1
Grammar Practice
Verbs: action & being
Definition – a VERB is a
Two types of verbs:
1. A verb is a word that can express
sleep, think
o
. Action verbs = run, sneeze,
There are two kinds of action verbs:

action. Ex: The winner crossed the finish line.

action. Ex: Ben dreamed of winning the race.
2. A verb is also a word that can express a
. “Being” verbs are forms
of “to be.” They can be used as helping or linking verbs (I am running), but can also be used
by themselves to describe your state of being (ex: I am happy.)
o
The 8 forms of “to be”: _______, _______, _______, _______, _______, _______,
_______, _______,
o
The first 5 forms of “to be” are simply the present and past forms of “to be” (see the
conjugation charts)
Present Tense (If you are unsure, fill in the following sentence: “Today I (or you, he, etc.)
____ happy.”
I
we
you
you
he / she / it
they
Past Tense (If you are unsure, fill in the following sentence: “Yesterday I (or you, he, etc.)
____ happy.”
I
we
you
you
he / she / it
they
o
The last 3 forms of “to be” always need a helper verb. See these examples:
 I ______ ___________ followed right now!
 I __________ ___________ followed before.
 If I’m not careful, I ___________ ______ followed again tomorrow.
Verbs Practice –Underline the verbs. Label the verbs as “A” (action) or “Be” (being).
1. The girls danced in the recital.
2. The girls are ballerinas.
3. Our mail carrier drove in late last week.
4. Our mail carrier is sometimes tardy.
5. Yesterday I was sad that the weather was colder.
6. His teacher wrote the answers on the board.
7. Alice worked on her homework last night.
8. My little sister thought about her favorite place.
Parts of Speech
– Adjectives & Adverbs
Subject:
Adjectives
What is an
adjective?
An adjective ___________________________________________________________.
What does it mean
to modify?
To modify means _____
What does it mean
to modify a word?
To modify a word means to ___________________ the word or __________________
What questions
does an adjective
answer?
____________________.
_______________________________________________________________ ______.
An adjective modifies a noun by answer one of these questions:
 What ____________?
 Which ___________?
 How _____________?
What kind?
gray sky
old shoes
clever dog
low price
_____________
book
Which one?
that girl
next day
either way
last chance
_____________
book
How many?
five fingers
many rivers
fewer hours
some problems
_____________
book
Sometimes you will find ______________ used as ____________________________.
Can a noun
function as an
adjective?
Nouns
crisp bacon
blinding snow
last December
grammar school
scary movie
favorite holiday
Where does an
adjective usually
appear in a
sentence?
Nouns Used as Adjectives
bacon sandwich
snow sculpture
December sale
school __________________
movie ___________________
holiday __________________
IMPORTANT NOTE: The adjective usually comes___________the noun it modifies.
Ms. Farrell tells all students that good workers will be given special privileges.
A sweating, exhausted runner crossed the line.
Independent Practice – Directions: Write “Adj.” above every adjective in these sentences.
Then, draw an arrow from the adjective to the word it modifies.
1. Hector the Collector collected tiny bits of string.
2. He collected dolls with broken heads and rusty bells that would not ring.
3. He collected old chipped vases, brown shoe laces, leaky boats that wouldn’t float, copper
keys that fit no locks, and crunchy leaves, and patched-up socks.
Subject:
Adverbs
What is an adverb?
An adverb is a word used ________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
What does it mean to
modify?
What questions do
adverbs answer?
To modify means ______ _________________________.
Adverbs answer one of these four questions:
 __________________?
 __________________?
 __________________?
 __________________?  This phrase means ______ _________?
Where?
When?
How?
-We lived there.
-Please step up.
-I have the
ticket here.
-May we go
tomorrow?
-Water the plant
weekly.
-We’ll see you
later.
-She quickly
agreed.
-The rain fell
softly.
-Drive
carefully.
EXAMPLES:
afterward, already,
now, often, sometimes,
then, today, tomorrow,
yet
EXAMPLES:
accidentally,
cheerfully, angrily,
delightfully,
enthusiastically
EXAMPLES:
back, forth, far, near,
here, there, up, down,
downstairs, nowhere,
somewhere, outside
Where does an adverb
usually appear in a
sentence?
To what
extent?
-I am
completely
happy.
-He hardly
moved.
-Did she
hesitate
slightly?
EXAMPLES:
extremely, just, more,
only, quite, rather,
really, somewhat, too,
very
Adverbs may come ___________________ or _________________ the verbs
they modify, and they may sometimes ____________________ the parts of a
verb phrase. Adverbs may also introduce questions.
EXAMPLE: When is the soccer game? Have you ever seen me play?
Which verb is the adverb where modifying?
Which verb is the adverb ever modifying?
Independent Practice – Directions: Write “Adv.” above every adverb in the sentence
below. Then, draw an arrow from the adverb to the word it modifies.
1. Tourists in London usually visit the Tower of London.
2. Yesterday, my brother cheerfully made breakfast.
3. The tiger stealthily followed its prey, hoping to make a meal of the wild boar. The
boar, sensing its doom, quickly ran away and carefully hid in its burrow.
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