
Refers to health issues specific
to human female anatomy
often relate to structures such
as female genitalia, breast or
conditions caused by hormones
and other medical conditions .
FEMALE ANTOMONTY
MENSTRUATION
Oligomenorrhagia
 Menometrorrhagia
Infertility
 Endometriosis
 Premenopausal/menopause
Sign and symptoms of Premenapause/menopause:
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Hot flashes
Lower libido
Vaginal dryness/itchy
Sleep disturbances
Weight gain, food craving
Sagging skin, breast
Osteoporosis
MATERNAL HEALTH



Antenatal classes
start as soon as
possible, less then 15
weeks
Bloods Mostly HIV1.
2.
3.
If positive to start on
PMTCT
If already on Arv’s look
at viral load
Exclusive breast feeding
for 6/12
STRESS/DEPRESSION

Signs and symptoms

Difficulty in concentration, remembering,
making decisions
Fatigue and decrease in energy
Feeling of guilt, worthlessness and
helplessness, hopeless
Insomnia, excessive sleeping, early
morning wakefulness
Restlessness/ Irritability
Loss of interest in activities or hobbies
including sex
Over eating or appetite loss
Headaches, digestive problems,
persistent pain
Thought of suicide, suicide attempt
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HYPERTENSION

Signs and symptoms

Sever headaches
Dizziness
Nausea
Problem with vision
Blood in urine
Irregular heartbeat

Preventative methods

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Maintain health weight
Reduce salt intake
Reduce alcohol
Reduce stress
Complications
DIABETES MELLITUS

Signs and symptoms

Complications

Frequency of urine
Thirst and hunger
Vision changes
Tingling or numbness in
hand and feet
Unexplained weight loss
Itchiness around
genitalia/Dry vagina
Wounds or cuts that heal
slowly


Diabetic foot
Miscarriage and still bird in
pregnancy
Retinopathy/cataract

Prognosis

Life span is not affected
when blood sugar levels
are kept in control and
complications are less
Ensure one cam live a
complication free life
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CANCER OR MALIGNLY

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1.
2.
Signs and symptoms for
Breast cancer
Mass or lump in breast
Nipple discharge or redness
Breast or nipple pain
Swelling of part of breast or
dimpling
Above 40-50 make it a
routine to do mammogram
every 1-2yrs
Above 50yrs do them
yearly
CERVICAL CANCER
(CAUSED BY HPV)

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Signs and symptoms
Vaginal bleed is not normal or
change in menstrual cycle
Post coiltal bleeding
Pain during sex
Vaginal discharge that is tinged
with blood
How it an be prevented
Pap-smear every after 3yrs if
normal
If abnormal the doctor will tell you,
26yrs and younger can get HPV
vaccine
The sooner or earlier is found the
more it is treated
OBESITY
Prevalence: SA is no. 3 world
wide with 50% overweight and
25,7% obese.
 It can lead to reduce life
expectancy and increase
health problems eg . Heart
problem, HPT,DM
 Body mass index which is
weight(kg) divided by
height(𝑚2 )
>30kg/ 𝑚2 .
BMI= <18.5
under weight
18.5-24.9 normal weight
25-29.9 over weight

OBESITY
Prevalence: SA is no. 3 world
wide with 50% overweight and
25,7% obese.
 It can lead to reduce life
expectancy and increase
health problems eg . Heart
problem, HPT,DM
 Body mass index which is
weight(kg) divided by
height(𝑚2 )
>30kg/ 𝑚2 .
BMI= <18.5
under weight
18.5-24.9 normal weight
25-29.9 over weight

TO KEEP YOURSELF LOOKING YOUNG AND HEALTHY,
PROPER DIET AND HEALTHY LIFESTYLE ENSURES ONE
CAN LEAVE A COMPLICATED FREE LIFE!!!
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