Refers to health issues specific to human female anatomy often relate to structures such as female genitalia, breast or conditions caused by hormones and other medical conditions . FEMALE ANTOMONTY MENSTRUATION Oligomenorrhagia Menometrorrhagia Infertility Endometriosis Premenopausal/menopause Sign and symptoms of Premenapause/menopause: Hot flashes Lower libido Vaginal dryness/itchy Sleep disturbances Weight gain, food craving Sagging skin, breast Osteoporosis MATERNAL HEALTH Antenatal classes start as soon as possible, less then 15 weeks Bloods Mostly HIV1. 2. 3. If positive to start on PMTCT If already on Arv’s look at viral load Exclusive breast feeding for 6/12 STRESS/DEPRESSION Signs and symptoms Difficulty in concentration, remembering, making decisions Fatigue and decrease in energy Feeling of guilt, worthlessness and helplessness, hopeless Insomnia, excessive sleeping, early morning wakefulness Restlessness/ Irritability Loss of interest in activities or hobbies including sex Over eating or appetite loss Headaches, digestive problems, persistent pain Thought of suicide, suicide attempt HYPERTENSION Signs and symptoms Sever headaches Dizziness Nausea Problem with vision Blood in urine Irregular heartbeat Preventative methods Maintain health weight Reduce salt intake Reduce alcohol Reduce stress Complications DIABETES MELLITUS Signs and symptoms Complications Frequency of urine Thirst and hunger Vision changes Tingling or numbness in hand and feet Unexplained weight loss Itchiness around genitalia/Dry vagina Wounds or cuts that heal slowly Diabetic foot Miscarriage and still bird in pregnancy Retinopathy/cataract Prognosis Life span is not affected when blood sugar levels are kept in control and complications are less Ensure one cam live a complication free life CANCER OR MALIGNLY 1. 2. Signs and symptoms for Breast cancer Mass or lump in breast Nipple discharge or redness Breast or nipple pain Swelling of part of breast or dimpling Above 40-50 make it a routine to do mammogram every 1-2yrs Above 50yrs do them yearly CERVICAL CANCER (CAUSED BY HPV) Signs and symptoms Vaginal bleed is not normal or change in menstrual cycle Post coiltal bleeding Pain during sex Vaginal discharge that is tinged with blood How it an be prevented Pap-smear every after 3yrs if normal If abnormal the doctor will tell you, 26yrs and younger can get HPV vaccine The sooner or earlier is found the more it is treated OBESITY Prevalence: SA is no. 3 world wide with 50% overweight and 25,7% obese. It can lead to reduce life expectancy and increase health problems eg . Heart problem, HPT,DM Body mass index which is weight(kg) divided by height(𝑚2 ) >30kg/ 𝑚2 . BMI= <18.5 under weight 18.5-24.9 normal weight 25-29.9 over weight OBESITY Prevalence: SA is no. 3 world wide with 50% overweight and 25,7% obese. It can lead to reduce life expectancy and increase health problems eg . Heart problem, HPT,DM Body mass index which is weight(kg) divided by height(𝑚2 ) >30kg/ 𝑚2 . BMI= <18.5 under weight 18.5-24.9 normal weight 25-29.9 over weight TO KEEP YOURSELF LOOKING YOUNG AND HEALTHY, PROPER DIET AND HEALTHY LIFESTYLE ENSURES ONE CAN LEAVE A COMPLICATED FREE LIFE!!!