in the livestock sector

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Investment opportunities
in livestock sector
TABLE OF CONTENTS


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

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
Legal framework
Structure of livestock sector
Favorable regions for animal husbandry
Main export markets
Challenges
Sector priorities
Reasons to invest in livestock sector
Support mechanisms
Investment possibilities
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
in the field of investments:

Law on investment in entrepreneurial activity no. 81 from 2004

Law on public private partnership no. 179 from 2008

Law on free economic zones no. 440 from 2001
in the livestock sector:

Husbandry Law no. 412 from 1999

Law on selection and reproduction of animals no.371 from 1995

Law on beekeeping no. 70 from 2006
STRUCTURE OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR
16%
4% 1%
43%
Pigs
Poultry
Cattle
Sheep & Goats
Other production
36%
FAVORABLE REGIONS
FOR ANIMALS HUSBANDRY
North region
North
Due to its climate conditions is
more suitable for cattle breeding,
Centre
Centre and South
regions
are favorable for breeding
of other species
South
(pig, poultry, sheep,
goats)
INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE BY TYPE OF PRODUCTS
MILK AND DAIRY
Milk collecting
points (600)
Scientific-Practical
Instititute of
Biotetehnologies in
Husbandry and
Veterinary Medicine
Distribution of cows
3%
individual
sector
Dairy processing
plants
farms
Republican Center
for Improvement and
reproduction of
Animals
97%
Market chain
(supermarkets, agri-food
markets, specialized shops)
SECTOR INDEXES IN 2010
Cows
– 154, 4 thousand heads
Production
– 591,2 thousand tones
Consumption
Processing
- 642,0 thousand tones
- 118,8 thousand tones
INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE BY TYPE OF PRODUCTS
MEAT (BEEF and SHEEP MEAT, PORK, POULTRY)
Beef and Sheep
Institute of Biotechnologies (genetics)
Animal keepers
Bulls/sheep fattening farms
Slaughterhouses
Meat processing plants
Trade chains
Production:
Consumption:
Export (beef):
Export (sheep):
19,6
10,0
1,2
1,3
thousand
thousand
thousand
thousand
t
t
t
t
Pork
State Enterprise “Moldsuinhibrid”
(genetics)
Breeding farms
Slaughterhouses
Meat processing plants
Trade chains
Production:
73,2 thousand t
Consumption: 52,5 thousand t
Poultry meat
•State Enterprise “Avicola Moldova”
•Reproduction centers
•Broiler Chicken production facilities
•Slaughterhouses
•Meat processing plants
•Trade chains
Production: 54,9 thousand t
Consumption: 39,0 thousand t
MAIN EXPORT MARKETS (2010)
Beef and sheep meat
LIVESTOCK (cattle & sheep)
1%
IRAK
ARAB
STATES
RUSSIAN
FEDERATION
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
CIS
(Russian
Federation)
9000
99%
thousand USD
Milk and dairy products
Honey
Russian
Federation
10%
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
13%
UKRAINE
USA
BIELORUSSIA
SIRIA
RUSIAN
FEDERATION
KAZAHSTAN
15%
Kazahstan
62%
Bielorusia
USA
CHALLENGES

Insufficient milk production for processing
(Only 30 % of dairies’ capacities are used)

Law level of technological endowment
of farms
SECTOR PRIORITIES

Fulfillment of EU sanitary veterinary to be allowed to
exports meat and milk products

Attract investments in tehnical upgrading of farms
for milk production

Re-launch and diversify export markets
re-launch of pork to Russian Federation market)
(e.g.to negotiate
REASONS TO INVEST IN LIVESTOCK SECTOR

Attractive factors of production:






Fiscal incentives:



Large areas of grassland
Favorable climatic conditions
High quality of soil
Labor force for advantageous cost
Lease of agricultural land for long term (up to 30 years)
Tax for corporate profits is 0 %
VAT exemption in free economic zones
Favorable geografical location:

Access to CIS and EU markets
SUPPORT MECHANISMS
Upgrading and
technological renovation
of livestock farms
State subsidies
Credits at
attracting rates
provided by IFAD
Procurement of
breeding animals
and keeping
genetics
Development of
livestock and poultry
40 % of cost for
equipment for cattle
farms
30 % of cost for
equipment for other
species farms
INVESTMENT POSSIBILITIES

Establishment of milk farms and milk processing
plants

Upgrading and technologization of milk farms

Creating farms of fattening and slaughtering of cattle

Genetic improvement of animals

Implementation of Public Private Partnership Projects
with Scientific-Practical Institute of Biotechnologies
and Veterinary Medicine
(in the field of embryo transfer, milk processing, improvement of
management practices of animal breeding)
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