DR Islam-KPK

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LIVESTOCK AND DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
IN KHBER PAKHTUNKHWA
PROSPECTS AND INITIATIVES
BY
DR. MUHAMMAD ISLAM
PROJECT DIRECTOR
MEAT AND DAIRY PRODUCTION
AND DEVELOPMENT WITH MARKET LINKAGES IN
KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
SEQUENCE OF PRESENTATION
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•
•
•
•
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SECTOR’S BASIC INFORMATION
SERVICE PROVIDERS
PROSPECTS
OPPORTUNITIES
L&DD KP’S INITIATIVES
WAY FORWARD
LIVESTOCK PROFILE OF KP
Livestock Population (million)
Species
Pic
Pakistan
KP
% share
of KP
Cattle
29.56
5.96
20.16
Buffalo
27.33
1.92
7.02
Sheep
26.48
3.36
12.69
Goats
53.79
9.59
17.83
Total
137.2
20.83
15.19
Source: Livestock Census 2006
LIVESTOCK PROFILE OF KP
Population Trends
Species
1996
2006
%
Cattle
4.2
5.97
42
4.2
Buffalo
1.40
37
3.7
20
2.0
9.60
41
4.1
Sheep
2.80
Goat
6.80
1.93
3.36
Annual
Growth
%
Sub Total
15.2
20.86
37
3.7
Poultry
22.7
27.69
22
2.2
KP CATTLE HERD SIZES
(LS Census 2006)
HERD SIZE
01 TO 02 ANIMALS
03 TO 04 ANIMALS
05 TO 06 ANIMALS
07 TO 10 ANIMALS
Sub Total 1-10
animals
11 TO 15 ANIMALS
16 TO 20 ANIMALS
21 TO 30 ANIMALS
31 TO 50 ANIMALS
51 ANIMALS AND
ABOVE
Sub Total 11 &
Above
Total
NO OF
FARMS
525900
367651
177532
123985
39685
11952
7516
6300
3026
1263547
NO OF
ANIMALS
921123
1291682
968189
1007946
496289
210450
185385
255058
631766
5967888
% OF TOTAL
FARMS
41.62
29.10
14.05
9.81
% OF TOTAL
CATTLE
15.43
21.64
16.22
16.89
94.58
70.18
3.14
0.95
0.59
0.50
0.24
8.32
3.53
3.11
4.27
10.59
5.42
29.82
100
100
KP BUFFALO HERD SIZES
(LS Census 2006)
HERD SIZE
01 TO 02 ANIMALS
03 TO 04 ANIMALS
05 TO 06 ANIMALS
07 TO 10 ANIMALS
Sub Total 1-10 animals
11 TO 15 ANIMALS
16 TO 20 ANIMALS
21 TO 30 ANIMALS
31 TO 50 ANIMALS
51 AND ABOVE
Sub Total 11 & above
animals
TOTAL
NO OF
FARMERS
622241
141101
49905
NO OF
ANIMALS
371936
489009
270056
26068
209666
7488
3587
2495
1234
775
93691
65747
62247
48921
65911
854894
1677184
% OF TOTAL % OF TOTAL
FARMS
BUFFS
72.79
22.18
16.51
29.16
5.84
16.10
3.05
98.18
0.88
0.42
0.29
0.14
0.09
12.50
79.93
5.59
3.92
3.71
2.92
3.93
1.82
20.07
100
100
MALE VS FEMALE RATIO
80.00
70.00
75.84
65.60
60.00
50.00
40.00
34.40
30.00
24.16
20.00
10.00
0.00
CATTLE
BUFF
FEMALES
MALES
ADULT VS YOUNG RATIO
90.00%
77.60%
80.00%
79.11%
74.56%
70.00%
60.00%
50.00%
53.24%
46.76%
40.00%
30.00%
22.40%
20.00%
20.89%
25.44%
10.00%
0.00%
CATTLE
MALE
CATTLE
FEMALE
BUFF MALE
BUFF
FEMALE
ADULT
YOUNG
LAND UTILIZATION IN KP
LAND AREA 34.8 Mil Hect
11.1
11.1
Uncultivated Area
i. Irrigated Area
ii. Barani Area
77.8
AREA VS POPULATION
TOTAL AREA
CULTIVATED AREA
HUMAN POPULATION
LIVESTOCK POPULATION
8.34 Mil Hect
1.85 Mil Hect
(22 % of total including 50%
Barany)
21 Mil
21.6 Mil
(20.83 without Equines &
camels)
POPULATION DENSITY
HUMAN
LIVESTOCK
240 Persons/Sq Km
(11 P/ Hect Cult)
240 Animals/ Sq Km
(11 An/ Hect Cult)
LIVESTOCK SERVICES PROVIDERS
• Livestock & Dairy Development Department
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
• Agriculture University
• Brook Group of Hospitals
• Private Practitioners
• Medicine/ Machinery Firms
• NGOs
• Processors/ Industry…………………
?
LIVESTOCK & DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
DEPARTMENT KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
VISION
Changing the traditional subsistence
livestock farming system to commercial
enterprise system through improvement
of breed, feed & fodder resources,
comprehensive health coverage and
access to modern technology .
MISSION
To alleviate poverty by improving the
socio-economic condition of the farmers
through enhanced productivity of their
livestock in terms of milk, meat and other
products and by products
STRATEGY
Maintain/ Improve Animal Health
Conserve and develop Genetic Make-up
Demonstration and Farmer’s Education
Transfer of Technology
Facilitation to Investors
Food Security and Safety
INSTITUTIONAL NETWORK
 ANIMAL HEALTH
Veterinary Hospital
Veterinary Dispensaries
Veterinary Centers
Mobile Veterinary Clinic
Basic Veterinary Labs
125
811
456
26
17
 BREED IMPROVEMENT AND DEMONSTRATION
Cattle Breeding Farms
02
Buffalo Breeding Farms
01
Sheep Breeding Farms
01
Poultry Farms
01
A.I. Centers
554
SPU
03
Liquid Nitrogen Plant
02
 HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
Animal Husbandry In-Service Institute
01
WORKFORCE
 Technical Staff
o Tech Graduate Officers
290
o Para-Vets
1064
PROSPECTS
DEVELOPED
COUNTRIES
Farmer
• Rich, affords technology
innovations
• Highly Educated
• Organized in Breeders, Producers
Associations
Farming System
• Large Scale
• Specialized Dairy OR Meat
• Commercial, Market Oriented
• Advanced Management
Animal’s
Potential
• Improved Genetic performance
• 100 % Exploited
• Scope for Improvement is
minimum
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
(PAKISTAN)
Farmer
• Poor
• Illiterate
• Unorganized
Farming System
• Subsistence Farming Predominant
• Mixed with Crops sector
• Rare Commercial Orientation
• Traditional Management
Animal’s
Potential
• Lower Genetic performance
• Only 30-40 % Exploited
• Greater Scope for Improvement
Urbanization
Population
Growth
Awareness
Rise in Purchasing
Power
External
Market
Demandfor
for Animal
Animal Products
Demand
Products
Quality
Quantity
National and
International Obligation
OBLIGATIONS

INCREASE LIVESTOCK PRODUCTIVITY

IMPROVE QUALITY
(ZERO RISK)
CAPTURE THE OPPORTUNITIES
INVEST IN LIVESTOCK SECTOR
WHAT SHOULD BE AN
INVESTMENT MOTIVE
MAXIMIZE RETURN ON INVESTMENT
 LOW COST OF PRODUCTION
 Cheap Labor
 Cheap inputs cost
 HIGH MARKET DEMAND
 EXPORT MARKET
 Geographical location of the province
 Better Competition if subsidies withdrawn by developed
countries in wake of WTO
 LOCAL DEMAND
BUSINESS MOTIVE
BUSINESS SUSTAINABILITY
Input/Backward
Supply Chain
Industry/
Processing
Product/
Market
Supply Chain
OPPORTUNITIES
MEAT SECTOR
• MEAT PROCESSING UNITS
– A large base of slaughtering
animals
– Organic Meat Production System
– 50-55% dressing ratio
– Best quality Meat
• Texture
• Color
• Flavor
• Marbling
MEAT SECTOR
• MEAT PROCESSING UNITS (Cont)
– Marketing
• Best Export Value (Afghanistan,
Central Asia, Middle East)
• Higher Returns in Export Market
– KP Facilitation
Support back-up supply
Establish Disease Free Zones
Halal Certification
Legislation
Access to Market
MEAT SECTOR
• LEATHER PROCESSING UNITS
– Large Number of Animals
Slaughtered
• Cattle and Buffalo
• Sheep and Goat
– No Leather Processing Unit in
the Province
– High Export Value of Leather
& Leather Products
MEAT SECTOR
• ALLIED INDUSTRIES
– Blood (Poultry Feed)
– Casings (Meat Foods)
– Bones/ Hooves (Bone
Phosphate, Gelatin)
DAIRY SECTOR
LARGE SCALE DAIRY FARMS
– Scope for Fresh Milk (Local)
– Value Addition for Export /
Local Market
– Cheap Labor
POULTRY SECTOR
POULTRY FARMING & PROCESSING UNITS
Marketing
Ever Increasing Local Demand
Export Value (Afghanistan, Central
Asia, Middle East)
Better Returns in Export Market
KP Facilitation

Establish Disease Free Zones

Halal Certification

Access to Market
POULTRY SECTOR
• POULTRY FEED UNITS
– Marketing
• Local
– 4700 Broiler Farms
– 15 Million Broiler Birds
• Export to Afghanistan
– KP Facilitation


Access to Market
Feed Analysis
FEED AND FODDERS
Fodder Production and
Preservation
Green Fodders
Silage
Hay
Compound Feed and
Mineral Blocks
Pasture Development
OTHER AREAS
• WOOL SPINING /WOOL
INDUSTRY
• ANIMAL TRADING
• PREPARATION OF VACCINES/
BIOLOGICS
• SEMEN PRODUCTION
• TRAININGS AND EXTENSION
KP INITIATIVES
 MEAT AND DAIRY DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
 REHABILITATION OF EXISTING INSTITUTIONS
 MOBILE CLINICS
 ACHAI CATTLE CONSERVATION
 PROVINCIAL LIVESTOCK POLICY
MEAT AND DAIRY PRODUCTION AND
DEVELOPMENT WITH MARKET LINKAGES
IN KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
PROJECT COST:
RS.153.290 MILLION
PROJECT DURATION:
24 MONTHS
(2012-13 TO 2013-14)
EXTENDED PERIOD
TILL JUNE 2015
COMPONENTS OF
THE PROJECT
1. MEAT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
2. DAIRY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
MEAT DEVELOPMENT
PROGRAM
Private Sector Motivated, FacilitatedThrough Appropriate incentives and
Technical Assistance to Establish
Feed Lot Fattening Farms (FFFs)
200 Beef FFFs Targeted Producing
42,000 Beef Animals for
Slaughtering Market
50 Mutton FFFs Targeted Producing
20,475 Mutton Animals for
Slaughtering Market
Project’s Support in Meat
Development Program
 One Fodder Chopper per farm to increase feed
conversion ratio
 One wheel barrow per farm
 One measuring tap for calculating and recording
monthly weight gain at the farms.
 Feed allowance @ Rs 1500/- per beef animal and Rs
500/- per mutton animal after successful completion
of each of the 1st three fattening cycles.
 Vaccination against contagious diseases
 De-worming to enhance production performance
 Training of farmers to improve their knowledge &
skills
 Record Register for maintaining farm records
DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
PROGRAM
MAJOR COMPONENTS
1.
Improvement of Dairy
Farm Management
2.
Breed Improvement of
Dairy Animals
PROJECT’s FACILITATION
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Improvement of Dairy Farm Management
Improvement of Mangers
Improvement of Water Storage/Troughs
Mineral Blocks
Fodder Choppers
Vaccination of Animals
De-worming of Animals
Capacity Building of Farmers
Breed Improvement of Dairy Animals
Breeding Buffalo Bulls
Exotic Cattle Semen
METHODOLGY
• Ads through Print Media
• Apps Dissemination through Department’s
Network
• Simple Application Forms
• No Procedurals complications
• Visit & Verification
• Delivery of Support Package
• Data Recording
• Traceability Tagging
REHABILITATION OF
EXISTING INSTITUTIONS
 FIRST PHASE
2012-13 TO 2014-15
 Project Cost
 Hospitals Reconstructed
 SECOND PHASE
Rs 200.00 Mil
25
2015-16 TO 2017-18
 Project Cost
 Hospitals Reconstructed
300.00 Million
30
MOBLIE CLINICS
• Mobile clinics in all 25 Districts
• Out reach to un-attended areas
• Regular weekly visits to identified
areas
ACHAI CATTLE DEVELOPMENT
AND CONSERVATION
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Achai Cattle Conservation Farm Established
Achai Cattle Research farm established
Achai Cattle Breeders Associations formed
Outreach services to Achai Cattle Breeders
initiated
KP LIVESTOCK POLICY
• Elimination of market distortions
• Creation of a demand-driven approach to
markets
• Recognition that there is a cost for goods and
services
• Elimination of resource allocation distortions
through public ownership of business entities
• Representation for stakeholders in industry
decisions
• Industry self-regulation
• Independence of regulatory bodies
• Sustainable use of resources
KP INITIATIVES WAY FORWARD
KP MEAT COMPANY
MODERN SLAUGHTERHOUSES
LIVESTOCK EXTENSION SERVICE
CONSERVATION OF TRANSHUMANT LIVESTOCK
PRODUCTION SYSTEM
• DAIRY DEVELOPMENT BOARD
• POULTRY DEVELOPMENT BOARD
• FOOD SAFETY REGULATORY AUTHORITY
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Thank You Very Much
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