9A Diabetes Addendum

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The following are an addendum to
the lecture on maintaining BSL.
Managing BSL: your ideas?
•
•
•
•
Trickle in healthy carbs thru day
No meal skipping
Limit added sugar
Replace saturated (animal) with unsat. (plant)
fats
• Achieve a healthy weight
• Quit smoking
• Daily exercise
Concept
Map:
Blood Sugar Level
Terms: blood sugar (glucose), hyperglycemia,
hypoglycemia, glucagon, glycogen, insulin, Type 1 diabetes
(DM), Type 2 diabetes, ineffective insulin, inadequate
insulin.
Note: You can use descriptors along your arrows e.g.
increases, decreases, released, etc.
Draw a diagram logically linking all of the terms.
Concept Map: controlling BSL
Blood Sugar (glucose) Level
Hyperglycemia
BSL
Hypoglycemia
Insulin released
Inadequate Ineffective
Insulin
insulin
DM Type 1
BSL
DM Type 2
Glucagon released
Release liver
glycogen
BSL
insulin deficiency
No insulin
made
Type 1
Insulin is
ineffective
Type 2
Glucose can’t get into cells
Too much sugar in blood (hyperglycemia)
Not enough sugar IN cells
vessel damage
cells burn
fat and
protein only
ketones
build up
glycosuria
polyuria
polydipsia
kidneys
kidneys can’t
handle excess sugar
retina
nerves
heart
disease
retinal
damage
Neuropathy
kidney failure
dehydration
dialysis
blood
becomes
acidic
heart
shock
kidney
transplant
coma
death
numbness
heart
attack
gangrene
blindness
amputation
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