Unit 2 Throwback Review New Republic Through Reconstruction • Which legislation established the procedures for the orderly expansion of the United States? • the Northwest Ordinance (1787) • What was the effect of the Lewis and Clark Expedition? • It encouraged westward expansion • Which event led to the largest amount of land gained in the history of the United States? • the Louisiana Purchase • Of what significance were railroads and canals in the 1830s? • they encouraged westward movement • What did the Homestead Act allow people to do? • get assistance from the government to build a house in a new state • The concept of Manifest Destiny meant it was providential that American settlers • a. • build railraods to encourage trade between regions • c. • establish river towns to encourage the use of steam power • b. • settle the U.S. from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean • d. • ban slavery in all new states entering the Union • settle the U.S. from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean • Who led reform of America’s public school system in the 1800s? • Horace Mann • • • • • • • • • What characterized Jacksonian Democracy? a. abolition of slavery c. expansion of the powers of the presidency b. strengthening of states’ rights d. elimination of the spoils system. • strengthening of states’ rights • Who said this, and what was he/she referring to? • “A house divided against itself cannot stand.” • Abraham Lincoln / regional sectionalism threatened to push the nation to the brink of war • Southern states believed they had the right to self-govern to protect their • a. • economic interests • c. • right to freedom of speech • b. • voting rights in Congress • d. • trade relations within the United States • economic interests • The Compromise of 1850 conflicted with the Missouri Compromise because • a. • It restricted slavery to states below the Mason-Dixon Line. • c. • It allowed states to determine their slave status • b. • It assured that Congress would maintain a balance of free and slave states. • d. • It called for an end to slavery by the beginning of the 20th century. • It allowed states to determine their slave status • Disagreement over which political policy fueled the Nullification Crisis? • tariffs • What was the result of the slave rebellion of Nat Turner? • greater restrictions on slaves • Why was the Emanicpation Proclamation limited in its scope? • It only applied to enslaved people living under the Confederacy • How did the Civil War affect the economy of the South? • It destryoed its infrastructure and farm fields, and resulted in a shortage of goods • The first battle of the Civil War occurred at • Bull Run (Manassas) • • • • • • • • • What was a result of the Civil War? a. The federal government was weakened c. The Union was preserved b. Slavery was allowed to extend to the West d. The Confederacy remained a separate nation. • The Union was preserved • How did the Reconstruction plans of the Radical Republicans differ from those of Andrew Johnson? • The Radical Republicans wanted to punish the South • In 1877, President Hayes told an audience, “Your rights and interests would be safer if this great mass of intelligent white men were left alone by the general government.” Which of the followig is a summary of his quote? • a. • Northern politicians need to take greater control of Southern state governments • c. • Southern congressmen should not be allowed back into Congress • b. • Southern leaders would be more effective if they are left alone by the federal government. • d. • Former Confederate leaders should be universally pardoned by Congress • Southern leaders would be more effective if they are left alone by the federal government. • Why did the House of Representatives vote to impeach President Johnson? • Johnson was not supportive of Radical Republicans • The purpose of the 13th Amendment was • to abolish slavery • What was the most far-reaching provision of the Northwest Ordinance? • a. • It encouraged education • c. • It established a method for statehood • b. • It limited the number of states carved from the Northwest Territory • d. • It listed religion, morality, and knowledge as necessary for good government • It established a method for statehood • Why was Lincoln’s Emanipation Proclamation important? • It established a moral cause for the war • What was the effect of the black codes? • They created a new form of slavery after the Civil War • According to the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, whether a state was free or slave would be determined by • popular sovereignty • Use the information below to answer the question: • “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness... and such is now the necessity which constrains women to demand the equal station to which they are entitled.” • DECLARATION OF SENTIMENTS • Seneca Falls, July 1848 • What did the words in this document, written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott prompt? • women’s suffrage • What conclusion can be made about the effect of the Supreme Court ruling in the Dred Scott case? • a. • It received greater support in the North than in the South • c. • It strenghtened the Fugitive Salve Law and further divided the country • b. • It resulted in less need for the Underground Railroad • d. • It prompted Congress to pass new legislation protecting the rights of slaveholders. • It strenghtened the Fugitive Salve Law and further divided the country • The Freedmen’s Bureau worked to achieve all of the following EXCEPT • a. • the establishment of schools • c. • access to essential goods • b. • access to medical care • d. • the resoration of black codes • the resoration of black codes • The First Reconstruction Act (1867) established five military districts in the South. Why were the military districts resented by Southerners? • They did not want to be controlled by Union officers • What was the importance of the Lewis and Clar expedition? • It provided valuable information on western lands.