4th Grade American History Lesson

LRC 320 Spring 2009
Michael S. Schlossberg
-Slavery had long been an issue in the
United States since the Revolutionary war
-Slavery had been the main reason why
the South and the North came to a Civil
- Slaves made farmers free workers to
pick items such as cotton and tobacco
Important Terms
Abolitionist- Someone who fought for the freedom of slaves, these people were
usually found in the north
Secession- This was when a state said they didn’t want to be a part of the rest of
the United States
Free State- A state that didn’t allow slaves and when the Civil War started sided
with the Union
Slave State- A state that allowed slavery, found in the south
Mason Dixon Line- All states south of Pennsylvania became slave states while all
states north of Maryland became free states
Acts and Compromises
- Compromises such as the 3/5 compromise were used to count the
number of slaves in a state or a territory ( area of land which hadn’t
applied for statehood yet)
-Compromise of 1820- Missouri wanted to enter the Union as a slave
state but this angered the North (who was against slavery) because
there would be one less free state than slave state, so Maine entered
the Union as a free state to keep the balance of power in Congress
-Fugitive Slave Act- If a slave was found in the North and was found
he was ordered that runaway slaves to be returned
Compromise of 1850- California achieved statehood as a free state
Comparing the Two Sides
Soldiers at the start
of the war
Abraham Lincoln
Jefferson Davis
Fighting For
Abolition of Slavery
Keep Slavery and
their big plantations
Washington, DC
Richmond, Virginia
Head of the Army
Ulysses S. Grant
Robert E. Lee
Emancipation Proclamation
Abraham Lincoln delivered this address to free all of
the slaves in the Southern States on September 22 1862
More information about this here
The Ending of the War
-The War was ended at Appomattox Courthouse
on April 9th 1865
-Shortly after the war, the 13th Amendment was
passed which made slavery illegal