Sectionalism to Separatism United states or united States? • 1800 cotton gin- makes plantation production of cotton practical. Cotton production becomes “industrialized;” massive work force is needed. • 1820 Missouri Compromise- Maine (free state) and Missouri (slave state) enter the Union to balance the Senate. No more slave states north of Missouri’s southern border. • 1830-50’s Abolitionism- Slavery is morally wrong, slavery is an attack upon a free labor market. • 1846-48 Mexican War- US adds huge new territories: Slave states or free states? Both cultures/economies of North and South want to control the new territories. • 1850 Compromise of 1850- CA is a free state, NM by “popular soereignty; DC pop sov; no slave trade; Fugitive Slave law- penalize those who harbor slaves. • 1856 Kansas Nebraska Act- slavery here would be decided by popular sovereignty. Did away with Missouri Compromise. Supported in the South, not in the North. • 1857 Depression- Unemployment; resentment against cheap labor (immigrant and slave); high tarriff pressure. N-yes, S-no. • 1858 Bleeding Kansas- Guerilla warfare between pro-slave and anti-slave settlers over “Popular Sovereignty” in Kansas. • 1859 John Brown- Radical Abolitionist leads a raid on U.S. government army base in VA to instigate a slave rebellion. Brown is hero in North; prophet of the future to the south. • 1860 Lincoln- Republican; aggressive enemy of the expansion of slavery into new states; is elected president without any votes from the south; politics is completely sectionalized. • 1861 Secession- Southern states rebel; South claims states created Constitution, they therefore can dissolve it (nullification).