The Industrial Revolution Spreads Chapter #6 - Section #1 The Second Phase of the Industrial Revolution The first phase of the Industrial Revolution had largely been forged from iron, powered by steam engines, and driven by the British textile industry. By the mid-1800s, the Industrial Revolution entered a second phase. New industrial powers emerged. Factories powered by electricity used innovative processes to turn out new products. Changes in business organization contributed to the rise of giant companies. As the 20th century dawned, the second Industrial Revolution transformed the economies of the Western world. Technology sparks Industrial Growth By the 1800s, the pace of change quickened as companies hired professional chemists, and engineers to create new products and machinery. The union of science, technology, and industry spurred economic growth. Henry Bessemer steel making process Michael Faraday and Thomas Edison dynamo light bulb Assembly Line Workers on an assembly line add parts to a product that moves along a belt from one work station to the next. The Modern Office Automobiles and Airplanes The Second Industrial Revolution New Powers p. 196-198 1. 2. 3. Technology/Busi Transportation/ ness Communication Pg. 198/ Pg. 200 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 3. Pg. 201 1. 2. 3.