Industrial Revolution PowerPoint

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INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
Chapter 21
Turn to page 633 – complete on blank
paper




Define Industrial Revolution
List and Explain the Factors of Success
Define and draw an example of the Enclosure
Movement
Finish the “Factors of Production” Graphic
Organizer:
Land
Labor
Capital
• What it means
• How is it an
advantage?
• What it means
• How is it an
advantage?
• What it means
• How is it an
advantage?
Industrial Revolution: era moving to
power-driven machines – started in GB
Human and
Animal Power
Water and
Steam Power
Factors for Great Britain’s Success
1. Exploration & Colonialism: raw materials!
2. Sea power: transportation
3. Political Stability: country was at peace
4. Government Support: Parliament helped compete
5. Growth of Private Investment: “research &
development”
• Craft occupation at
home
• Process of
changing to powerdriven machines
Spreads to the West: Personal freedom = competition
“Life Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness” takes on a
new meaning
Industrial Revolution

Factors of Production:
 1. Land – natural resources
 2. Labor – workers
: funds for investments in business
Factories & Mass Production
: manufacturing large numbers of
identical items
: identical machine-made
parts
product moves from worker to
worker
SPEEDS UP PRODUCTION = MORE PRODUCTION
Turn to Pages 642-643

View images and captions
 1.
What was life like in a factory
 2. What dangers were there –
 What
kind of injuries do you think children could get
 3.
How was a factory organized (use smaller image)
 4. Why do you think many factories were on the water
 Based
on the images
WITH YOUR GROUP:

DISCUSS: How will the Industrial Revolution affect
society?
 CITIES
V COUNTRY
 FAMILIES
 SOCIAL CLASSES
 POLITICS
 ECONOMICS
 COUNTRIES AS WHOLES

SECRETARY: take notes on what your group mates
decide
Effects on Society – dirty cities
– organized to protect
workers’ interests
Unions Held
: work stoppages
Crowded Cities
Increase in
–
level of material comfort…Leisure Time
New Ideas in a New Society
 “Free
to Do,” Hands Off!
 Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations
 No government interference
 Businesses can compete freely against each
other
 Smith’s ideas ended regulations by 1840s
Someone who starts a new business
Andrew Carnegie
Born in Scotland
 Rags to Riches!
 Steel Tycoon
 “Vertical Integration”

 Owning
each step
Monopolies

Donated all his wealth
Socialism/Communism

Robert Owen
:
 For the good of all, society/government
should own property and control industry

Karl Marx
:
 As capitalism grew, more workers would
sink into poverty
 The poor will rebel, and seize the “means
of production” and govern themselves
 Das Kapital: the evils of capitalism
Effects on Society




New Economic Ideas
Shift from Cottage Industries affected roles of
women “separate spheres”
Great Britain, France, Germany become global
economic leaders
USA industrialized rapidly, and gains global
political power!
New Inventions






Steamships – long distance travel by 1870
Telegraph- Samuel Morse, 1837
Telephone – Alexander Graham Bell, 1876
Light bulb – Thomas Edison, 1879
Automobile – Henry Ford, 1908
Airplane- Wright Brothers, 1903
Type II


What effect on society do I think was the greatest?
Which invention do I think had the greatest effect
on society?
Document Based Questions

Pages 652-533
 Questions

1-4
Pages 677
 Questions
1-2
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