Dr. Maria Montessori & her theories

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Dr. Maria Montessori
& her theories
Presented by
Shabana Azhar
Montessori approach
With careful
observation
Dr. Montessori
developed her
system of
early
education.
Development of the
whole child
physically
Four planes of development
 0-6 years – infancy





0-3 years - unconscious absorbent mind
3-6 years - conscious absorbent mind
6-12 years - childhood
12-18 years - adolescence
18-24 years - transition to adult hood.
Independence
 Self reliance.

Sense of joy and
achievement.
Sensorial education


Develops intelligence.
Forms the structure of all
the creative work.
Concentration
When something that answers the inner
needs meet with the INNER URGESPONTANEOUS INTEREST is kindled,
when this interest finds suitable conditions
to work, SPONTANEOUS REPETION is the
result, when the spontaneous repetition is
done with interest, the natural result is
CONCENTRATION.
NORMALIZATION





Characteristics of a
normalized child are:
self discipline
concentration
independence &
love for purposeful
activity
Freedom and discipline
Freedom of choice & Freedom of time
leads to
INNER DISCIPLINE & PEACE
IMAGINATION



Difference between imagination
& fantasy
Imagination based on scientific
facts leads to creativity.
Fantasy causes intellectual
confusions.
Concrete experiences
Difficult concepts can be taught to
3-5 year old by providing
Concrete experiences through
Hands on approach
Role of a teacher
The role of a teacher in a Montessori
class room is that of an observer,
where the CHILD is ACTIVE.
TEACHER is PASSIVE.
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