Dr. Maria Montessori & her theories Presented by Shabana Azhar Montessori approach With careful observation Dr. Montessori developed her system of early education. Development of the whole child physically Four planes of development 0-6 years – infancy 0-3 years - unconscious absorbent mind 3-6 years - conscious absorbent mind 6-12 years - childhood 12-18 years - adolescence 18-24 years - transition to adult hood. Independence Self reliance. Sense of joy and achievement. Sensorial education Develops intelligence. Forms the structure of all the creative work. Concentration When something that answers the inner needs meet with the INNER URGESPONTANEOUS INTEREST is kindled, when this interest finds suitable conditions to work, SPONTANEOUS REPETION is the result, when the spontaneous repetition is done with interest, the natural result is CONCENTRATION. NORMALIZATION Characteristics of a normalized child are: self discipline concentration independence & love for purposeful activity Freedom and discipline Freedom of choice & Freedom of time leads to INNER DISCIPLINE & PEACE IMAGINATION Difference between imagination & fantasy Imagination based on scientific facts leads to creativity. Fantasy causes intellectual confusions. Concrete experiences Difficult concepts can be taught to 3-5 year old by providing Concrete experiences through Hands on approach Role of a teacher The role of a teacher in a Montessori class room is that of an observer, where the CHILD is ACTIVE. TEACHER is PASSIVE.