“Land Between the Rivers” Answer Key Question 1: How did the geography of Mesopotamia make this a likely area for civilization? • A: Mesopotamia was between two rivers so it was a great place for growing crops. It had plenty of fresh water and fertile soil. Question 2: What might be some advantages and disadvantages to living between two rivers? • Advantages- * Water for crops * Bathing * Drinking water * Transportation * Trade * Food (fish/mammals) Question 2 (cont’d): Another advantage (today, but not in 3500 B.C…) ~Electricity~ Question 2 (cont’d): Disadvantages * Flooding (crops, homes) * Insects * Wild animals Question 3: What does the word, “Mesopotamia” mean? A: Mesopotamia is Greek for “…(land) between the rivers…” Question 4: Look at the map on page 30. Name two features that would discourage human settlement and explain why. • Zagros Mountains • Syrian Desert • Arabian Desert --difficult to grow food in deserts, mountains. --lack of water in desert. Question 5: How did the Fertile Crescent get its name? Name the body of water that borders the western edge of the Fertile Crescent. A: The region is somewhat crescent shaped, and extremely fertile due to rich soil from the two rivers. Question 6: What is a “city-state”? What are three characteristics given for city-states? city-state: an independent city separated from other cities by long distances—like a very small country with just one city in it. • Have own god/goddess • Have their own government • Have their own king Question 7: Sumerians were a “polytheistic” people. What does the word polytheism mean? • A: Polytheism is the belief in more than one (multiple) gods. (The Greeks and Romans were polytheistic).