st 1 Quarter Study Guide Answers Fall 2015 Burnette & Davis 1. What is the significance of the emperor Sargon? • He was the first leader in history to create a permanent army. • He built the first empire in the world with it! 2. Define culture… • the beliefs, customs, and art of a group. 3. What effect did the invention of tools have on early humans? • They INCREASED the chances for survival 4. What was the most important result of the Neolithic Revolution? • The change from hunting-gathering to farming 5. Who were scribes and why were they important in Sumerian society? • Scribes were people with power in Sumerian society because people who could read and write were important. 6. What was the Epic of Gilgamesh? The world’s oldest piece of fictional literature about a hero and a flood 7. What effect did farming have on people in the Stone Age? • It allowed them to build permanent settlements 8. Why might cities grow along rivers? • Rivers provide routes for moving people & goods. • Rivers allow for more fertile land to provide food for the city. 9. Cause & Effect- If people have a stable food supply then… • People can stay in one place and create civilization. 10. List things a human geographer would be interested in studying • • • • • • Population density Economics Politics Governments Religion Art 11. What are physical characteristics? Give 3 examples • Landforms – the natural way the land is shaped • Mountains • Plains • Valleys 12. Give an example of relative location • Describing where something is compared to another location. • Examples: “WEMS is next to WEHS.” • “Japan is east of China.” • “My house is down the road from the Corvette Museum.” 13. What are some ways landforms can affect people’s lives? • Keeps them isolated so they don’t speak the same language • Influences where people settle • Influences what jobs are available 14. What types of physical features would attract settlement? • A rich mineral deposit • A river valley • Fertile farmland 15. What can you find on a physical map? • Landforms • Mountain ranges • Bodies of water 16. What is Human Environment Interaction? Give 3 examples. • HEI is when we change the natural landscape of the earth! Think of how the earth looked before humans were here. Examples: • Mining for coal • Building neighborhoods • Irrigating a field of crops 17. Describe a political map & the information you find on it. • It’s a kind of map that shows boundaries of how humans divided the earth into states and/or countries 18. Between which two bodies of is Mesopotamia located? • Tigris River & Euphrates River 19. As people migrated out of Africa, which continent was settled last. • South America 20. Graphic Organizer of how Mesopotamia developed. People settled where crops would grow. The population grew. Villages and cities formed.