Presentation - Six Kingdoms and Trophic Pyramids

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Description:
Spark student interest using ‘gross’ pictures and
a variety of life and different roles and
characteristics of kingdoms of life.
Goals:
Describe the Concept of the Trophic Levels
Objectives: Day 1
•List the 6 Kingdoms.
•Describe each kingdom.
•Explain what an Energy Pyramid represents.
Warm-Up
Q=
1. What are the different types of organisms in
the world? (general not specific)?
2. Can microbes be both beneficial and
dangerous?
A=
1. Bacteria (Eu- & Archea-), Protist, Fungi,
Plants, Animals
2. Yes… but the dangerous one get all the
attention. Lets see why - Are you ready?
Are you ready?
 Mucormycosis fungus
in the eye
This fungus lives in the
soil and in rotting
vegetation!
Blastomycosis
 Fungal
infection
 Eats away the
tissue of the
victim!
Blastomycosis
 Caused by this Fungus (a type of yeast)
Advanced Flesh Eating
Bacteria
 Necrotizing fasciitis (aka flesh eating bacteria)
6 Kingdoms






Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
Fungi
Plants
Animals
Protists
(“True-bacteria”)
(“Ancient-bacteria”)
Which of these kingdoms are microbes?
Eubacteria
 Simple-single cell Organisms
 Help to maintain cycles of matter in the
environment.
 Most bacteria are in this Kingdom
 In the soil, on plants and animals (inside and
out), in the air, EVERYWHERE!
 Many are helpful to people:
 E. coli (live in our intestines)
 B. regularis (used in making yogurt)
 Some are Harmful to people:
 Streptococci (causes “strep throat”)
Archaebacteria
 Live in extreme places
 Hot springs (boiling water!)
 Low / No oxygen areas
 High Acidity
 Simple Single celled organism
 Multicelled complex organism
 Examples:
Fungi
 Mold
 Mildew
 Mushrooms
 Break down dead organisms
 Often look like plants
 Unlike plants they CANNOT make their
own food (no photosynthesis)
 Obtain food from breaking down (decaying)
Soil, plants, animals. (decomposer)
Plants
 Multicelled organisms that produce their own
food (producers)
 Over 250,00 thousand species
ranging from:
 Flowering Plants
 Tiny Mosses
 Giant Trees
 Life could not exist without plants!
 Provide Oxygen
 Provide Food (transfers energy from sun to
herbivores)
 Largest Kingdom
Animals
 over 1 million known species!
 Multi-celled organisms found in very
diverse (different) locations
 Keep populations in check and allow for
complex organisms.
 Depend on plants and other animals for
survival (can’t make their own food)
 Primary consumer (herbivores)
 Secondary & Top consumers (carnivores,
omnivores)
 Scavengers
 “Odds and Ends” Kingdom
Protists
 Organisms can be VERY different from each
other.
 Single cell and multi-celled organism
 Protozoan (single celled)
 Algae (multi-celled and single-celled)
 Most are single celled organism
 Not in the bacteria kingdoms because they are
complex cells!
Basic Energy Pyramid
Secondary
Consumers
Primary
Consumers
Primary
Producers
Carnivores
Herbivores
Autotrophs
6 Kingdoms of Living
Organisms
Complete the Six Kingdoms Chart.
Objectives: Day 1
•List the 6 Kingdoms.
•Describe each kingdom.
•Explain what an Energy Pyramid represents.
Photo credits
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Periorbital_fungal_infection_known
_as_mucormycosis,_or_phycomycosis_PHIL_2831_lores.jpg
 http://www.mycology.adelaide.edu.au/gallery/dimorphic_fungi/ (co
pyright information:
http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals/copyright.html)
 same as #2
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Necrotizing_fasciitis_left_leg.JPEG
 Wikipedia has a creative common license.
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