Summarizing Informational Text Summary points • A summary tells the important information in a selection. • A summary includes the important details that support the main idea. • A main idea sentence is the starting point of a summary. • A summary does NOT include your opinion about the topic. Steps to Summarize • Step 1 Highlight the most important points in the reading. • Step 2 Mention the author and the title of the text in your first sentence. • Step 3 State the topic of the text and the thesis/main idea at the beginning of your summary. • Step 4 Identify the Topic Sentence of each paragraph. • Step 5 Include only the most important points and supporting details. • Step 6 Paraphrase the author’s ideas rather than copy sentences, but be sure to include some of the key terms used in the text. • Step 7 Present the ideas in the order in which they were discussed in the reading selection. • Step 8 Use transitional expressions to make connections between ideas. Ask yourself the following questions to ensure a quality summary • • • • • • What happened? What is essential to tell? What was the outcome? Who was involved? Why did this happen? Is that a detail or essential information? Summarizing Literature Summary Points • • • • • • • Identify the main characters Describe the setting (time & place) Explain the initiating event Explain the rising actions Explain the climax What was the resolution? How do characters react (in words and or actions to the events) Somebody…Wanted…But…So…Then • Somebody = identify the character • Wanted = describe the character’s goal • But = describe a conflict that hinders the character • So = describe how the character reacts to the conflict • Then = describe the resolution of the conflict • Somebody Anne Frank • Wanted To hide from the Nazis • But Someone turned her in • So She died in a concentration camp. Her story was shared with the world. • Then Writing the Summary • Identify the title, author, and genre of the book. • Use your notes from Somebody, Wanted, But, So, Then and next write a summary that elaborates on this information with specific details and textual evidence. Ask yourself the following questions to ensure a quality summary: • What point is the author trying to make? • What are the morals, the messages, the lessons, or the themes conveyed in this story? • Have I addressed all the elements of story?