Digitally Manipulated Images Digital manipulation can change backgrounds, body angles, and proportions Get rid of those muscles! Smooth all skin bumps or “flaws” Carving out a smaller waist Put somebody’s head on somebody else’s body Add weight and breasts to an anorexic model Adjusting skin tone . . . Beyonce? What does “whitewashing” photos of women of color communicate to the audience? Why is it done? What effect does it have?