Risk Assessment & Management

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RISK ASSESSMENT AND
MANAGEMENT
RISK MANAGEMENT
Risk - The likelihood that the harm
from a particular hazard is realised
Hazard - Something with the
potential to cause harm
RISK ASSESSMENT
1.Identify hazard
2.Who might be harmed
3.Evaluate risks and existing control
measures
4.Record significant findings
5.Review the assessment
FORMS OF HAZARD
Physical
Chemical
Biological
Ergonomical
Psychological
EVALUATION OF RISK &
CONTROL MEASURES
E - eliminate
R - reduce
I - Isolate
C - control
P - Personal Protective Equip
D - discipline
ERIC - Prevents Death
SREDIM
Select
Record
Examine
Develop
Implement
Maintain
THE RISK ASSESSMENT
PROCESS
Risk Assessment
CONDUCT A HAZARD
SURVEY
 Identify
any hazardous activity
within the workplace which
requires a risk assessment.
POTENTIAL HAZARDS
•Fall of object / material from height
•Manual Handling
•Fall of person from height
•Use of machines
•Fire including static electricity
•Electricity
•Drowning
POTENTIAL HAZARDS
•Excavation work
•Stored energy
•Explosions (Chemicals/Dusts)
•Contact with Cold/Hot surfaces
•Compressed air
•Mechanical lifting operations
•Noise
•Biological agents
POTENTIAL HAZARDS
•Hand tools
•Adverse weather
•Chemicals/Substances
•Housekeeping
•Lighting
•Confined spaces
•Cleaning
DESCRIBE THE
ACTIVITY
 List
all the activities involved
within the task.
IDENTIFY THE
HAZARDS

List all of the hazards that are
associated with the task. E.g.
electricity, manual handling etc.
ASSIGN A RISK
RATING TO THE TASK




High
Medium
Low
Score rating 1-25
LIST THE EXISTING
CONTROLS
List all existing controls in place
 Training
 Competency
 Written method statements

LIST ADDITIONAL
SAFETY MEASURES
HIGHLIGHT ANY
RESIDUAL RISKS
RE ASSIGN RISK
RATING
PREPARE METHOD OF
WORKS STATEMENT
SAFE SYSTEMS OF
WORK
PROFOUND KNOWLEDGE
Who actually does it
 Who actually watches it being done
 A fresh pair of eyes

BRAINSTORMING
 Personnel
that have the profound
knowledge
 Personnel that oversee the
operation
 Any personnel that the change
would impact on.
COMPONENTS OF A SAFE SYSTEM
OF WORK
Materials - Climate
 People - Carrying out the work, in the
vicinity of the work, affected by the
work, Trespassers
 Plant - Directly & Indirectly involved
 Equipment - Hand held, Scaffolding,
Shoring, Lighting etc

WHEN IS A SAFE SYSTEM
REQUIRED ?

A safe System of work is required
when hazards cannot be physically
eliminated and some element of risk
remains.
FIVE STEPS TO DESIGNING A
SAFE SYSTEM OF WORK





Assess the task - Ask the people that
do it.
Identify the hazards - Ask the people that do
it, stand back and watch it.
Define the Safe Method - Then discuss it with
the people that do it and amend if necessary
Implement the System - Ownership
Monitor the System - A living document
ASSESSING THE TASK
WHAT - is used/done/hazards/limits
 WHEN - is it done, effects of different
times
 WHERE - is it done, how would it differ
 HOW - is it done, pre-empt failures
 WHY - is it done that way, another
way?

HOW DO YOU COMMUNICATE A
SAFE SYSTEM OF WORK ?
ORALLY - Through training, by
supervisors
 BY EXAMPLE - What you do, they
will do
 SIMPLE WRITTEN - Managers
rules, notices, circulars
 FORMAL PERMIT TO WORK - An
auditable, managed system

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