These theories are completely different theories that are completed opposed to one another; however they demonstrate the same behavior.
Step 1 – Treaty of Versailles.
Step 2 – Stock Market Crash of 1929.
Step 3 – Great Depression of the 1930s.
Step 4 – Increased influence from new political parties that emphasized government control.
Step 5 – Total control of the government by a dictator.
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Government establishes complete control of all aspects of the state.
Political, military, economy, social, and cultural.
Flags, salutes, rallies, and uniforms.
Strict controls and laws.
Secret police, army, and navy.
Opposing literature and ideas.
Radio, newspapers, and posters.
A charismatic dictator.
Total conformity of people to ideas and the leader.
Terror and Fear.
Also known as “Stalinism”.
Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from
Combines elements of communism with a totalitarian and military state.
Fascism’s name comes from the “fasces”.
An ancient Roman symbol of authority.
Intense nationalism and elitists mindset.
Interests of the state more important than individual rights.
Maintains class system and private ownership.
Most well known example is in Italy.
Lead by Benito Mussolini from 1922-1943.
Extreme form of Fascism, Nationalism, and
Based on the beliefs of the National Socialist German
Belief in a superior race.
The Aryan or “master race”.
Belief that all Germans should have a
“living space” in Europe.
Violent hatred of Jews.
Belief that Jews were the cause of all of
Led by Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945.