Crystallized intelligence Doris knows all of the state capitals but has trouble learning a new computer program. What type of intelligence does Doris display? Neural networks The immaturity of an infant’s nervous system is best demonstrated by the lack of what in the infant’s brain? Preconventional Harry disapproves of stealing jelly beans from his sister’s Easter basket because he thinks his mother will spank him if he does. What level of morality is Harry demonstrating? Through a series of stages How did Piaget think a child’s mind developed? Object permanence The awareness that things continue to exist even when they are not perceived is known as what? Common cold, flu What illnesses are older people not as susceptible to? Children develop faster than Piaget believed What does current research suggest about Piaget’s stages of cognitive development? Nonnourishing cloth mother Which “mother” did the Harlow monkeys prefer – the nourishing wire mother or the nonnourishing cloth mother? Schema What is a concept or framework that is used to organize and interpret information? Authoritative What kinds of parents are demanding but sensitive and responsive to their children? Habituation A three-month old child is obviously startled by the first ring of a telephone, but with each following ring, the child seems to become less reactive. What process does this demonstrate? Gender role What is the term for one’s sense of being male or female? Trust According to Erik Erikson, children with a secure attachment to their parents are likely to achieve what “goal”? Assimilation The first time that 4-year old Sarah saw her older brother play a flute, she thought it was simply a large whistle. Sarah’s initial understanding of the flute best illustrates what process? Conventional According to Kohlberg, morality based on a desire to uphold the laws of society is a characteristic of what stage? Cognitive What form of development did Piaget study? Postconventional Even though she risked arrest, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat and move to the back of the bus. Rosa Parks was displaying what level of moral development? Infantile amnesia Poor memory for early life experiences results from what psychological phenomenon? Sensorimotor When Tommy’s mother hides his favorite toy under a blanket, he acts as though it no longer exists and makes no attempt to retrieve it. According to Piaget, Tommy is at the beginning of what stage? Accommodation Alex now realizes that his stereotypical view of women as weak is not accurate and so revises his beliefs. What process is he demonstrating? Identity vs. role confusion According to Erikson, what conflict are adolescents coping with? Conservation Judy’s mom cuts her hot dog into 6 pieces and her sister Sylvia’s into 8 pieces. Judy cried because she thought she wasn’t getting as much hot dog as her sister. What principle doesn’t Judy understand? Facelike image In which of the following would a newborn show the greatest interest: rectangular shape circular shape bull’s-eye pattern facelike image mirrored surface? Fluid intelligence What type of intelligence refers to a person’s ability to reason speedily and abstractly? Permissive What kinds of parents make few demands of their children and use little punishment? Genes or Nature Infant twins typically begin walking on nearly the same day. This demonstrates the role of what in development?