Child Psychology 1 Units 3-5 Study Guide Unit 3: Prenatal Development Vocabulary Conception Blastocyst Zygote 3 stages of Pregnancy (Germinal, Embryonic, Fetal) Embryo Fetus 3 Stages of Labor Placenta Amniotic Fluid Umbilical Cord Birth Defect Trimester Questions: What is the last major organ to development? When is the cardinal age at which a baby has a good chance of survival is born prematurely? What are some tips for a healthy pregnancy? What is the only sense a baby cannot use until after birth? (therefore the least developed) By when are all the major organs present in the fetus? How much % is the head of the baby at birth (of its entire body length?) Unit 4: Ages 0-2 Vocabulary 3 domains of development (physical, cognitive, socio-emotional) 5 senses (and how well each are developed at this age) Sensorimotor Stage (Piaget) Parallel Play Neurons Cortex (Different areas of the brain) Stranger Anxiety Egocentric Erikson (Trust vs. Mistrust) Reflexes (what are the main ones? Remember the photos of grasping, stepping, and sucking) Motor Skills (Fine and Gross) Babbling Questions: At age 2, the toddler is about how tall? This is about _________ of his future adult size. What are some physical characteristics of this age group? What sense is the main one in which infants learn? (Think of the oral fixation…) Examples of the development from 0-2 in each of the 3 developmental domains (PIES chart) Unit 5: Ages 3-6 Vocabulary: 3 domains of development (physical, cognitive, socio-emotional) Pretend play Pre-operational stage (Piaget) (Cognitive Development Theory) Erikson (Initiative vs. Guilt) Vgotsky (Zone of Proximal Development/Guided Participation/Scaffolding) Social Learning Theory Artistic Expression Attention Perservation Egocentric Static Reasoning (Piaget) Irreversibility (Piaget) Conservation (Piaget) Pride Questions: What are the growth patterns during the age? How is language development at this age different than 0-2? Examples of the development from 0-2 in each of the 3 developmental domains (PIES chart) A two year old knows about 500 words, how many does a 6 year old know?