Ideology: › Democracy › Communism Democracy V. Communism › Similarities? › Differences? Filling out as a class Civil War in Greece › Britain was unable to continue to support the reconstruction in the Mediterranean ((Why?)) Turkey and Greece at stake! › Britain supported the Pro-Western Side › Tito (Communist leader of Yugoslavia) Supported the communist guerilla fighters › US scared of Soviet expansion (Domino Theory) Truman’s speech to congress (3-12-1947): › “I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support the free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.” ((What do you think this means?)) US suspicious of Soviet’s interest and intents with Greece and Turkey. Unfounded › Stalin not pleased with Tito’s actions ((Why???)) Front page of your packet… Read through… Then answer the questions following the passage… 1.) Kennan states that the Russian politicians want to maintain their 'prestige.' How would this concept of prestige instigate the Cold War, rather than ending it? 2.) The first line of the second paragraphs predicts that the United States has to face the Soviet Union at "constantly shifting geographical and political points" in order to contain the spread of Communism. Does this scenario come true, and, if so, how? 3.) What does Kennan mean by the second paragraph? How does this relate to what we know of the events of the Cold War? 4.) Why is it important for the United States to appear "know what it wants," all while dealing with internal problems? What is Kennan trying to say??? Pop June 1947 › European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan) Provides 13 Billion dollars to All of Europe › “…against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos.” › USSR does not participate in this, despite the option to… Why… Capitalist Imperialism › Gaining influence of weaker countries, through monetary bribes (favors) Any truths? › American firms were making the products sent to Europe… › US popular opinion: Communist advances fed off economic turmoil Russia could not compete with the financial strength of US… Therefore, it could only do one thing: Tighten its control over eastern Europe… $3.2 Billion – UK $2.7 Billion – France $1.5 Billion – West Germany $694 Million – Greece $677 Million – Austria Aid between April 3rd, 1948- June 30th, 1952. Why need alliances? NATO v Warsaw North Atlantic Treaty Organization April 1949 Belgium, Luxemburg, Netherlands, France, Britain, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Iceland, USA and Canada signed. Mutual Assistance 1949 – Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) › Purpose was economic cooperation › Also allowed Stalin Control over the “Buffer zone”/satellite countries of eastern Europe 1955 Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Soviet Union joined Buffer Zone?