Cold War PPT #2

› Democracy
› Communism
Democracy V. Communism
› Similarities?
› Differences?
Filling out as a class 
Civil War in Greece
› Britain was unable to continue to support the
reconstruction in the Mediterranean
 Turkey and Greece at stake!
› Britain supported the Pro-Western Side
› Tito (Communist leader of Yugoslavia)
Supported the communist guerilla fighters
› US scared of Soviet expansion (Domino
Truman’s speech to congress (3-12-1947):
› “I believe that it must be the policy of the
United States to support the free peoples
who are resisting attempted subjugation by
armed minorities or by outside pressures.”
((What do you think this means?))
US suspicious of Soviet’s interest and
intents with Greece and Turkey.
 Unfounded
› Stalin not pleased with Tito’s actions
 ((Why???))
Front page of your packet…
 Read through…
 Then answer the questions following the
1.) Kennan states that the Russian politicians want to
maintain their 'prestige.' How would this concept of
prestige instigate the Cold War, rather than ending it?
2.) The first line of the second paragraphs predicts that the
United States has to face the Soviet Union at "constantly
shifting geographical and political points" in order to
contain the spread of Communism. Does this scenario
come true, and, if so, how?
3.) What does Kennan mean by the second paragraph?
How does this relate to what we know of the events of the
Cold War?
4.) Why is it important for the United States to appear
"know what it wants," all while dealing with internal
What is Kennan trying to say???
June 1947
› European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan)
Provides 13 Billion dollars to All of Europe
› “…against hunger, poverty, desperation,
and chaos.”
› USSR does not participate in this, despite the
option to… Why…
Capitalist Imperialism
› Gaining influence of weaker countries,
through monetary bribes (favors)
Any truths?
› American firms were making the products
sent to Europe…
› US popular opinion: Communist advances
fed off economic turmoil
Russia could not compete with the
financial strength of US…
 Therefore, it could only do one thing:
Tighten its control over eastern Europe…
$3.2 Billion – UK
 $2.7 Billion – France
 $1.5 Billion – West Germany
 $694 Million – Greece
 $677 Million – Austria
Aid between April 3rd, 1948- June 30th,
Why need alliances?
NATO v Warsaw
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
 April 1949
 Belgium, Luxemburg, Netherlands,
France, Britain, Italy, Denmark, Norway,
Portugal, Iceland, USA and Canada
 Mutual Assistance
1949 – Council for Mutual Economic
Assistance (COMECON)
› Purpose was economic cooperation
› Also allowed Stalin Control over the “Buffer
zone”/satellite countries of eastern Europe
 Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East
Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania
and Soviet Union joined
 Buffer Zone?