Decision Support Tools & Models

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Decision Support Tools & Models
for:
Assessing Water Balance & Productivity
Water and Livelihoods Initiative (WLI)
Dr. Caroline King (WLI Manager)
http://temp.icarda.org/wli/
Email: [email protected]
WLI Objectives & Outputs
NARRATIVE
Goal
The goal of WLI is to improve the livelihoods of households and communities in
the benchmark sites of the participating countries by increasing economic, social
and educational opportunities through addressing the key priority issues
identified in each country.
Purpose
To pilot test a sustainable and integrated water, land use and livelihoods strategy
in the benchmark sites for scaling up, which will optimize new and income
generating crop and livestock activities.
Outputs
1. Integrated water and land-use strategies for policy-making, tools for
sustainable benchmark management and organizational mechanisms for
community inclusion at the benchmark sites.
2. Enhanced knowledge, skills and qualifications for key stakeholders in the
benchmark sites.
3. Improved rural livelihoods of farmers in the benchmark sites through the
adoption of sustainable land and water management practices and livelihood
strategies
WORKSHOP PURPOSE:
To identify scope for available watershed and basin-scale water
balance assessments to include scenarios demonstrating
improvements in integrated management of land, water and
livelihoods to be achieved through upscaling of WLI pilot-tested
strategies and technologies
potential water savings in
agriculture
agricultural water use
min ETP for food
production
industry
domestic
1950
1970
1990
2010
2030
2050
Cropping Pattern
Ha cereals:
Ha horticulture:
N/ha livestock:
Annual Water
Use
m3/yr
Future Mgt Strategies
Present
A STRATEGIC VIEW
w.out impr. mgt
with impr. mgt
Cropping Pattern
Ha cereals:
Ha horticulture:
N/ha livestock:
Cropping Pattern
Ha cereals:
Ha horticulture:
N/ha livestock:
Annual Water
Annual Water
Use
3
Use m /yr
m3/yr
Allocation to Ag.
reuse
groundwater
Surface inflows
rainfed
Other Sectors
domestic
industrial
(ecological flows)
> Negative
balance?
> Positive
balance?
Workshop Objectives
 Review available assessments of present and future water availability
and use at the watershed and basin-scale and identify scope for updates
to reflect the full potential of improvements in on-farm land and water
management
> Inform regional decision-makers and other key stakeholders at the
benchmark sites of the relevance and potential further use of outputs from
decision support tools to evaluate options for improved management of
land, water and livelihoods
> Stimulate knowledge exchange and research collaboration amongst WLI
research teams using and developing tools to support integrated water and
land-use strategies with key stakeholders
Results Anticipated
Outputs
> Enhanced Annual Reports, Country Research Reports and
PPTs from 8 countries and regional team
> Short workshop report including list of participants
> Materials online for other interested researchers to benefit
from
Outcomes
> WLI thematic research group on decision support tools and models activated
> WLI thematic research group on water use efficiency activated
> Improved connection of WLI pilot testing to strategic level decision-making and
improved outscaling strategies for integrated land and water management
> Improved management of land, water and livelihoods in WLI countries
1. ….WHAT IS A LIVELIHOOD?
(see Workshop Report on WLI Website)
2. WHAT IS AN IMPROVED LIVELIHOOD?
3. HOW LONG WILL IT TAKE TO IMPROVE RURAL LIVELIHOODS?
4. HOW WILL WE KNOW THAT IT IMPROVED?
5. HOW WILL WE KNOW THAT THE IMPROVEMENT RESULTED FROM THE WLI
PILOT TESTING ACTIVITY?
Pragmatic Indicators of Water & Livelihoods?
(/sustainable water and livelihoods?)
CAPITAL/
ASSETS
INDICATOR
HUMAN Key stakeholders ‘ short-term training
2012
F
T
F
F
T
F
w
e
b
Key stakeholders ‘ knowledge
w
e
b
PHYSICAL Agricultural land (ha, tons & value of crops)
Land under improved management
2013
F
T
F
F
T
F
w
e
b
NATURAL Water availability at the watershed level
Water use in agriculture
w
e
b
F
T
F
FINANCIAL Income from agriculture
w
e
b
F
T
F
F
T
F
w
e
b
F
T
F
Total household income
SOCIAL
Associations (producers’ assns, WUAs, etc)
(All indicators gender disaggregated)
F
T
F
2014
F
T
F
w
e
b
w
e
b
F
T
F
w
e
b
F
T
F
F
T
F
w
e
b
F
T
F
F
T
F
THANKYOU
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