I CAN SEE IT ALL OVER YOUR FACE Cole Sandel and Robbie Love Think of something funny… Now think about the expression on your face. …Hopefully you smiled, or at least experienced a change in facial expression. Now, if you were raised in a different culture, do you think your facial expression would be the same? Paul Ekman and Will(?) Friesen Both researchers in areas of emotion. Researched individuals in north and south America and found that we all share types of facial expressions. So, to test their hypothesis, they had to find an area that hadn’t been exposed to mass media, which is full of exemplary facial expressions. People observe the media and through observational learning they learn how to react to good/bad things. Background on the Subjects The two researchers went to the Southeast Highlands of New Guinea to find subjects. These people (The South Fore tribe) existed in a “Stone Age Society.” 189 adults and 130 children were chosen to participate out of the Southern Fore population. For comparison, there were 23 adults who had had great exposure to Western society. They had watched movies, lived in settlements and attended missionary schools. The Actual Experiment The researchers found that presenting the subjects with photographs showing a certain emotion would have the most accurate response. The subjects were told a story, then they were told to select which picture best described the tone of the story. Every aspect of the photographs/stories was/were regulated to ensure the best results (Dozens of experts confirmed Results This is only the adults’ results, but you can see that the percentage that got the answer right was pretty high. Comparisons were made between westernized and nonWesternized adults. No differences were found. Note: Not all subjects were exposed to every emotion and sometimes subjects were exposed to the same emotion more than once. Implications Ekman and Friesan inferred that our facial expressions are literally hard-wired into our brain at birth. This could also be applied to the area of deception. Through Freisan’s experiments we’ve found that the face does not “leak” as much information about truth/lies as the human body itself.