The Five Themes of Geography

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• Learning Target: I can identify and
explain the important parts of a map.
• Warm Up: List the 5 themes of geography
and explain how each theme is represented
by life in Louisville.
MAP BASICS
LINES OF LONGITUDE - These are imaginary lines that
run north and south around the earth,
N
MAP BASICS
LINES OF LONGITUDE - These are imaginary lines that
run north and south around the earth, but measure east
and west.
N
W
but
S
E
MAP BASICS
LINES OF LONGITUDE - These are imaginary lines that
run north and south around the earth, but measure east
and west. They are called meridians and they touch at the
poles.
N
S
MAP BASICS
They are called meridians and they touch at the poles. The
main meridian is the Prime Meridian that runs from the
North Pole to the South Pole passing through Greenwich,
England at Oº longitude.
N
N
MAP BASICS
The main meridian is the Prime Meridian that runs from the
North Pole to the South Pole passing through Greenwich,
England at Oº longitude. On the other side of the earth it
is known as the International Date Line.
N
MAP BASICS
On the other side of the earth it is known as the
International Date Line. Think of Meridians of Longitude
as the orange below cut in wedges.
N
S
http://www.kidsgeo.com/geographygames/latitude-longitude-map-game.php
MAP BASICS
MAP BASICS
These Meridians and Parallels work to divide the earth into
HEMISPHERES.
MAP BASICS
These Meridians and Parallels work to divide the earth into
HEMISPHERES. A hemisphere means to be divided in
halves or literally half a sphere or circle.
MAP BASICS
The earth can be divided into the Eastern and Western
Hemispheres by the Prime Meridian.
MAP BASICS
The earth can also be divided into the Northern and
Southern Hemispheres by the Equator.
MAP BASICS
MAP BASICS
N
W
E
S
So which hemispheres would the United
States be located in?
MAP BASICS
The United States is located in the Northern and Western
Hemispheres.
MAP BASICS
The United States is located in the Northern and Western
Hemispheres.
What do we call the earth’s largest land masses?
MAP BASICS
The United States is located in the Northern and Western
Hemispheres.
What do we call the earth’s largest land masses?
CONTINENTS!
MAP BASICS
The United States is located in the Northern and Western
Hemispheres.
What do we call the earth’s largest land masses?
CONTINENTS!
How many continents are there?
MAP BASICS
The United States is located in the Northern and Western
Hemispheres.
What do we call the earth’s largest land masses?
CONTINENTS!
How many continents are there? SEVEN!
MAP BASICS
The United States is located in the Northern and Western
Hemispheres.
What do we call the earth’s largest land masses?
CONTINENTS!
How many continents are there? SEVEN!
What are the seven continents?
MAP BASICS
The United States is located in the Northern and Western
Hemispheres.
What do we call the earth’s largest land masses?
CONTINENTS!
How many continents are there? SEVEN!
What are the seven continents?
North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia,
Australia and Antarctica.
MAP BASICS
North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia,
Australia and Antarctica.
MAP BASICS
What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all
of the land on earth?
MAP BASICS
What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all
of the land on earth? Oceans.
MAP BASICS
What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all
of the land on earth? Oceans.
How many oceans are there?
MAP BASICS
What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all
of the land on earth? Oceans.
How many oceans are there? Four.
MAP BASICS
What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all
of the land on earth? Oceans.
How many oceans are there? Four.
What are the names of these four oceans?
MAP BASICS
What do we call our largest bodies of water that surround all
of the land on earth? Oceans.
How many oceans are there? Four.
What are the names of these four oceans? Atlantic, Pacific,
Indian and Arctic.
MAP BASICS
What are the names of these four oceans? Atlantic, Pacific,
Indian and Arctic.
4
1
2
3
Requested Review: Place
• The features that make a location unique
• Two components of Place
– Physical location: land features,
mountains, plains, and plateaus, climate,
bodies of water
• Human characteristics: people, culture,
language, religion, buildings and landmarks,
cities
Requested Review: Region
What Places Have in Common
• Political Regions
• Landform Regions
• Agricultural Regions
• Cultural Regions
What two factors are used to
describe what a Place is like?
EXPLAIN what each is like. (4)
• a) Physical Features:________________;
___________________________________
• b) Human Characteristics- ____________;
___________________________________
Explain Louisville, Kentucky’s
place using both factors. (2)
• ___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
Explain what Region is using all
of its characteristics. (1)
• ___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
• Explain Louisville, Kentucky’s using the
elements of region. (1)
• ___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
CHAPTER 1 – THE WORLD BEFORE THE
OPENING OF THE ATLANTIC
Section One – The Earliest Americans
FIRST MIGRATION
TO THE
AMERICAS
-First settlers probably
came during the last
Ice Age(known as the
Pleistocene glacial
epoch) that ended
about 10,000 B.C.
-
The Earth’s climate
became very cold
and many large
glaciers were formed
which caused ocean
levels to drop by as
much as 300 feet
lower than they are
today.
-
These first people
migrated here and
it took a long time.
-Migration is the
movement of people
or animals from
one place to
another.
-They were hunters following
after BIG GAME or very large
animals.
-A strip of land between northeastern Asia(Russia) and
present-day Alaska called the Bering Land Bridge or Beringia
is where North Americas first inhabitants(Paleo-Indians)
crossed the Bering Strait between 38,000 and 10,000 B.C.
-They were hunter-gatherers or people who hunted
wild animals and gathered wild plants for food.
-
• Over many years
they spread south
through current
day Canada, the
United States,
Mexico, Central
America and all
the way down to
the southern tip
of South
America.
-As the temperature of the Earth began to climb around
8000 B.C. the glaciers began to melt raising the ocean
levels and covering the land bridge with water.
RUSSIA
55 Miles
ALASKA
In class Review- create study guide
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A primary source is…
A secondary source is…
Maps can be either type because…
The five themes of geography are…
The cardinal directions are …
The intermediate directions are…
Lines of longitude are _____and measure _
Lines of latitude are _____ and measure ___
Study guide, cont.
•
•
•
•
The seven continents are
The four oceans are
The western hemisphere is
The eastern hemispher is
• MAKE SURE YOUR NOTEBOOK IS IN
ORDER –QUIZ OVER CONTENTS.
Homework
• Finish Geography Worksheets and create
study guide
• Bring PAWS book tomorrow
• Read all of section 1
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