Welcome Students! How do you feel in the sunlight? Warm! Why? The Sun gives off: Heat Light This heat and light is called… Solar Radiation: heat and light from the Sun Solar Radiation is reflected and absorbed Reflection: heat and light bounce off a surface Absorption: heat and light are taken in by a surface Solar radiation warms the Earth Earth’s atmosphere protects us from most solar radiation There is no atmosphere in space, so it can get very hot or very cold Astronauts need extra protection in space from the extreme temperatures Why else do astronauts need extra protection? •No air •No pressure •space debris What do Astronauts wear for protection in space? The Experiment: why are space suits white? You will get two envelopes One light envelope One dark envelope Place a thermometer inside each envelope Place the envelopes in the light, record the temperatures, and predict how they will change Graph your results! 100 ° F 90 ° F 80 ° F 70 ° F 60° F 0 5 10 15 20 mins mins mins mins mins Write a Hypothesis: Which color do you think will get warmer and why? Which envelope was warmer? The dark envelope! Why? Dark colors absorb light: •take heat in •get hotter faster That’s why black asphalt is so hot in the summer Which envelope stayed cooler? The light envelope! Why? Light colors reflect light: •Heat bounces off •Stay cooler This is why astronauts wear light colored space suits! Did You Know? Space suits also have built-in air conditioning to help keep astronauts cool!