Exodus 7 – 13 The conflict between Pharaoh 10 Plagues Passover And the LORD said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet. You shall speak all that I command you, and your brother Aaron shall tell Pharaoh to let the people of Israel go out of his land. And the LORD said to Moses, But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, Pharaoh will not listen to you…The Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch my hand against Egypt and bring out the people of Israel form among you. Clash of the Gods In Egypt, pharaohs were considered to be divine beings. When Moses came to Pharaoh to ask for the release of God’s people, God and a false god, Pharaoh, clashed in a battle of wills and power. God showed his supremacy through the plagues. One way to understand the plagues is that they were direct attacks against the false gods of Egypt. God showed himself as victorious. Unpacking the 10 Plagues • Water to Blood; Frogs; Gnats; Flies; Livestock; Boils; Hail; Locusts; Darkness; Death • Each plague was an ATTACK on a Egyptian Deity • The plagues gradually build in DESTRUCTIVE POWER • Israel is PRESERVED through the Plagues • Pharaoh responds to God with a HARDHEART Exodus 12 and 13 Take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and touch the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood…for the LORD will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to enter your houses to strike you. Exodus 12 This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations, as a statue forever, you shall keep it as a feast (Exodus 12:14) At midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon…and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where someone was not dead Exodus 14 – 15 Israel’s Release from Slavery The Miracle at the Red Sea Moses and Miriam’s Song A Lasting Promise And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he will pursue them, and I will get glory over Pharaoh and all his host, and the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD.” And they did so. Exodus 14:4 Lift up your staff, stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it, that the people may go through on dry ground (14:16) At Marah the LORD made for them a statute and a rule, and there he tested them, saying, “If you will diligently listen to the voice of the LORD your God, and do that which is right in his eyes, and give ear to his commandments and keep all his statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you that I put on the Egyptians, for I am the LORD, your healer. Exodus 15:25 - 26 Exodus 16 – 18 Bread of Heaven Water from the Rock Israel’s First Battle Jethro’s Advice When the people of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, “It is the bread that the LORD has given you to eat…gather of it, each one you, as much as you can eat.” On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather, but they found none. And the LORD said to Moses, “How long will you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? Exodus 16:27 – 28 Israel Defeats Amalek Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses father-inlaw, he heard all that God had done for Moses and Israel. So he came to Moses, rejoiced with Moses, blessed the Lord, and he brought a burnt offering and sacrifice to God. He said, “No I know that the LORD is greater than all gods” When Jethro saw all that Moses was doing for the people, he said, “What is this that you are doing?” Why do you sit along, and all the people stand around you from morning till evening?”… “What you are doing is not good. You and the people with you will certainly wear yourselves out, for the thing is too heavy for you. Now obey my voice; I will give you advice, and God be with you!