STV Today we will: Look at the impact of STV and the 2007 Scottish council elections. You will be successful if you can: • Describe, in detail, at least 2 consequences of STV in Scotland. Principles of STV • A majority of voters deserves a majority of representation. • Seats should fairly reflect votes cast. • As many people as possible should have their vote count toward representation. STV in action • Voters RANK their candidates in order of preference. • Idea is that everyone will get representation by someone they voted for. • Seats won should much more closely reflect the number of votes won. STV in action • Much less likely to get a ONE PARTY victory like you would under FPTP. • Result is that COALITION control is VERY likely Scottish Council elections 2007 Scottish councils & elections before 2007 • Turnout traditionally LOW for council elections. As low as 12% some places. • LABOUR had dominated local councils. Many argued that FPTP gave Labour a massive advantage. • Many councillors were old and little “new blood” coming through. 2007 elections • Run on same day as S.P. elections • The voting process was a disaster! The number of spoiled papers was massive. • That was not the most notable outcome however… 2007 Scottish council election results • MAJORITY administrations became a thing of the past. • Only FIVE authorities had single party MINORITY administrations. The other 27 became coalitions. • LABOUR were no longer the biggest party in Scottish local councils – the SNP became the biggest party. 2007 Scottish council election results • COALITION administration was the new order of the day. A big change. • Many coalitions were formed to exclude Labour (except in East Dunbartonshire where Lab & Cons combined to keep SNP out!!) • Green party won some control too. • A whole new politics was in existence: cooperation and compromise now required. New breed of councillors • Many “older” Councillors stepped aside and accepted redundancy packages. • New younger councillors were elected, particularly in Aberdeen council. • HOWEVER, there were no great advances in the numbers of WOMEN councillors or those from ETHNIC backgrounds – up to the parties to change this. Deputy Lord Provost of Aberdeen, John West (18) Aberdeen Councillor Callum McCaig (22) Task • Are you comfortable with STV? • Read the section in the Modern politics textbook on STV and council elections, taking notes as you go. • What are you not sure about? Take a note of any questions you have and please ask me!