Middle Ages Timeline

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MIDDLE
AGES
TIMELINE
Europe
Dark Ages
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
High Middle
Ages
European Middle Ages
500
1200
1300
1400
1500
Byzantine
Islam
Mongols
China
Date
500-1500
Event
Middle Ages. The time between the Fall of the Western Roman
Empire and The Renaissance.
400-600
Small Germanic Kingdoms replaced Roman provinces. Church
survived the fall & offered order and security to the people.
496
Clovis was losing a battle so he prayed to the Christian God &
won! Publicly converted after.
511
Clovis and the Church formed an alliance that united the Franks
into one Kingdom.
600
The Church had converted many Germanic peoples living in
Rome’s former lands.
480-543
Twins Benedict and Scholastica established monasteries &
convents in Italy. They completely devoted their lives to spreading
Christianity.
520
Benedict wrote a book describing a strict set of laws for monks to
live by.
590
Pope Gregory I became Pope & expanded the authority of the
Papacy beyond its spiritual role to include a secular power involved
in politics.
700
Mayor of the Palace was the most powerful person in Frankish
Kingdom.
719
Charles Martel was Mayor of the Palace and held more power than
the king.
719
Extended the Franks’ reign to the North, South and East.
732
Charles Martel defeated the Muslims at the Battle of Tours. Saved
the Christian Church!!
751-987 The Carolingian Dynasty started when Pepin the Short fought for the
Pope and in return the Pope made anointed him “King by the Grace
of God”.
768
Pepin the Short died. Oldest son died in 771 leaving Charlemagne
in charge!!
771
Charlemagne ruled the Kingdom & was an amazing ruler. He started
expanding immediately.
800
Charlemagne’s empire was larger than the Byzantine Empire.
800
Pope Leo III invited Charlemagne to Rome to gain back some
popularity. At church he crowed Charlemagne Emperor.
814
Charlemagne died & left the Empire to his son Louis the Pious who
left the empire to his three sons.
843
Three sons fought over Empire & signed the Treaty of Verdun
dividing the Empire into 3 Kingdoms.
Central authority broke down.
800-1000 Invasions destroyed the Carolingian Dynasty.
846
Muslims sacked Rome.
Viking started to invade from the North.
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