Jefferson-Jacksonian Era

 Current president:
 James Madison (1809-1817)
 Democratic-Republican
 Virginia
Impact of the Industrial
 What is it?
 Social & Economic reorganization which took place as
machines replaced hand tools and large scale factory
production developed.
Effects on the North
Effects on the South
Cotton is King
Boom of textiles and factory
Eli Whitney invents the
cotton gin
Farm only what is needed 
no real need for slavery
Slavery population increases
The Push for Internal
 Why the need for change?
 Causes of Industrial Revolution
 British Blockade 
 Embargo Act 1807 
 Increase in Self Reliance 
 Increase in Factories / Industrial Revolution
 Original plan proposed by Madison
 Promoted by Clay & Calhoun
 Had 3 main Points
 Development transportation systems
 Establish protective tariffs
 Resurrect National Bank
 National Road
 Maryland to Illinois
 Constructed began in
 Eventually became
Transcontinental Highway
 Erie Canal
 Essentially connected
Atlantic Ocean to Great
 Paid off in 12 years!
 Americans producing more goods due to:
 Embargo Act & War of 1812
 Why?
 Foreign Goods being sold at a cheaper price!
 Therefore, Tariff of 1816
 Tax on all foreign goods
 Promotes the sale of American goods
 Popular in North; South needs convincing
 Why?
 Weakened under Jefferson: Why?
 Creation of 2nd Bank of the Unites States (BUS)
 Make currency excepted nationwide
 James Monroe
 1817-1825
 Democratic – Republic
 Virginia
Belief that national interest should be placed before regional
concerns or interests
Supreme Court
Hands down rulings in favor of Federal government
Strengthens federal government
John Marshall
 Chief Justice of Supreme Court
Department of State
Develops a Foreign policy advocating nationalism
Supreme Court’s Role
Ogden v. Gibbons
Dispute over use of steamboat service between NY &
Federal government has authority over interstate
activities (commerce, travel, tv, etc)
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland taxed branch of BUS
Did not want the states to be “over-turning laws made
by congress”
Dept. of State’s Role
John Q. Adams
 Sec. of State
Rush-Bagot treaty (1817)
US & GB demilitarized common
Convention of 1818
Border at the 49th parallel up to
the Rocky Mts.
Adams-Onis Treaty
Spain ceded Florida
Monroe Doctrine
Spain & Portugal looking to regain lost colonies
Russia looking to expand influence
Monroe issues statement to world via address to
Any action by outside powers would be consider
“dangerous to our peace and safety”.
 Placing the interests of one’s own region ahead of the interests
of the nation as a whole
Missouri Compromise 1820
As of 1818, Union had 10 free & 10 slave states
South wanted Missouri admitted as slave to preserve balance of
power in congress
Henry Clay proposed compromise
Division at 36’30
Everything North Shall be admitted as free state
Everything South Shall be slave state
Missouri shall be admitted as slave state