Nationalism and Sectionalism

Bell Work
1) How do the resources and
environment in the South make it more
dependent on slave labor ?
2) Why did the slave owners, non-slave
owners, and slaves accept slavery as
normal life?
Henry Clay
from Kentucky
American System
Plan to make America
economically selfsufficient
James Monroe
Fifth president of
the U.S., who
established the
Monroe Doctrine
Erie Canal
New York
City with
Buffalo, New
Missouri Compromise
Laws enacted
to maintain
balance of
between slave
and free states
Monroe doctrine
U.S. policy opposing
European interference in the
Western Hemisphere
A feeling of pride, loyalty,
and protectiveness toward
one’s country
Protective Tariff
A tax on imported goods that
protects a nation’s businesses
from foreign competition
Loyalty to the interests of
one’s own region or section
of the country
Nationalism Unites the
1) Madison wanted America to thrive
on its own, without foreign products.
2) The American System had three
parts: Establish a protective tariff, a tax
on imported goods.
3) Establish a national bank that would
promote a single currency
4) Improve the country’s transportation
The Era of Good
1) People began to put trust into the federal
government over state governments
2) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) court ruled that
interstate commerce could be regulated only
by federal government, not the state.
Transportation Links
1) Congress funded a road that became the
country’s main east-west route.
2) Water transportation improved with the
building of canals. The Erie Canal created a
water route between New York City and
3) Improvements in railroads led to a decline
in canal use. From 1830-1850 miles of train
track went from 23 to 9,000.
Sectional Tensions
1) The South relied on a plantation economy
that used slavery. The Northeast focused on
manufacturing and trade.
2) Sectionalism became a major issue when
Missouri applied for statehood in 1817
threatening the balance of power in
The Missouri
 1) Congress did not want to add Missouri because at
the time, the United States had 11 slave states and 11
free states.
 2) Southerners feared that if free states formed a
majority in Congress then they would ban slavery
 3) Maine also wanted statehood, so Henry Clay
suggested that Maine be added as a free state and
Missouri as a slave state to keep balance.
 4) Mason-Dixon line became the division between
slave states and free states.
National Boundaries
and Foreign Affairs
1) The 49th parallel was set as the U.S.Canadian border
2) U.S. relations with Spain were tense
over the Louisiana Purchase.
3) The U.S. gave Spain a choice, either
police Florida from Indians or hand it
over. Spain gave Florida to us and the
Oregon country.
The Monroe Doctrine
1) The nation felt threatened by other
events happening around the world
2) European countries were planning to
help Spain and Portugal reclaim lost
colonies near the U.S.
3) Monroe Doctrine tells other
countries that the Americas were closed
to further colonization (back off)