Chapter 11 : National and Regional Growth

Chapter 11 : National and
Regional Growth
Section 1:
Early Industry and Inventions
1. How did the Industrial Revolution
change the way people worked?
Farming to Factories
Hand tools to machine
More goods, more quickly!
Where did the Industrial
Revolution begin?
How did it make its way to
How did it make its way to America?
No, I’m not
The name is
John Doe!
2. Four reasons New England was a
good place to set up factories?
 Rivers
for water power
 Willing workers (subsistence farmers)
 Seaports for exporting
 Wealthy investors
3. Who were the “Lowell girls”?
3. Who were the “Lowell girls”?
Farm girls who moved into boarding
houses to work in Lowell factories
 Long hours and poor working
conditions but living conditions
better than at home
4. Who came up with the idea for
interchangeable parts?
How did interchangeable parts change industry?
Eli Whitney
Faster production
Easier repairs
Assembly line
5. For each inventor, name his invention
and tell how his invention impacted life:
Robert Fulton
Improved steamboat
Faster water transportation
Samuel F.B. Morse
telegraph – Morse Code
faster communication
John Deere
steel plow
for harder soil of Midwest
Cyrus McCormick
mechanical reaper
faster/easier harvesting crops
Section 2: Plantations and
Slavery Spread
6. In what four ways did Eli Whitney’s
cotton gin change life in the South?
People moved west to begin
Cotton plantations
pg. 334
Cotton became the #1 crop –
most valuable crop
Native Americans are driven off
land to make room for plantations.
Pg. 334
Slavery became even more
important to the Southern economy
Although slaves made up about 1/3 of the
South’s population by 1840, most
Southerners did not own slaves!!!
Only about 1/3 of white Southerners owned
slaves…only 1/10 of those owned 20 or more
8. Describe some of the difficulties
free African Americans faced.
had to leave state once they became free
could not vote or go to school
many employers refused to hire them
afraid of being sold into slavery
9. What were spirituals?
Religious folk songs sung by slaves that often
contained coded messages about escape routes.
10. Describe the Nat Turner Rebellion and
its effect on African Americans in the South.
Slave rebellion
55 whites were killed
Turner and his followers were caught/hanged
Spread fear in the South
Harsher laws for African Americans
Section 3:
Nationalism and Sectionalism
11. What was the purpose of the
“American System”?
Proposed by Henry Clay (nationalist)
Make America self-sufficient by:
Protective tariff
2nd Bank of the US – uniform $$
Improve transportation systems
12. In what ways was transportation
improved during the mid 1800s?
National Road
PG 339
James Monroe is elected as the 5th
President of the United States
First five Presidents in order?
13. Why was Monroe’s administration
called the “Era of Good Feeling”?
Nationalism /patriotism: War of 1812
Only one political party
Federalist Party died out
14. What two court cases strengthened the
federal govt. during Monroe’s admin.?
McCullough v. Maryland
state cannot tax a national bank
Gibbons v. Ogden
interstate (between states) commerce
can only be regulated by federal govt
15. How did the US settle disputes with Britain in
the early 1800s? (two treaties & what they agreed on)
Rush-Bagot Agreement – limited both
navies on Great Lakes
Convention of 1818 – 49th parallel as
US/Canadian Border
Pg. 341
16. Why were relations tense between US and Spain?
LA Purchase boundary
Seminoles from Florida were raiding Georgia
What was Andrew Jackson sent to do?
Stop Seminoles from raiding
How did he overstep his authority?
Claimed Florida for the US
How did the US finally acquire Florida?
Adams-Onis Treaty
17/18. define …
pride in one’s country
putting region/state ahead of the nation
19. How did economic changes
contribute to sectionalism?
Each section of the country wanted to
protect its economic interests…….
West – Food Farmers:
wanted cheap land and
good transportation
Northeast – Factory owners/workers:
wanted to protect the interests of
South –Cotton Plantations:
wanted to protect the interest of
plantation and slave owners
20. Why did the question of admitting
Missouri to the Union divide the nation?
Adding Missouri as a slave state
would disrupt the balance of
free/slave states in Congress
1817 Congress
Slave States
Free States
21. What law was passed that finally
admitted Missouri to the Union?
Missouri Compromise
Henry Clay – “Great Compromiser”
I’ve got an idea…..
Lets compromise!
What else happened as a result of this law?
Missouri entered as a slave state & Maine
entered as a free state
22. How did the Missouri Compromise address the
issue of slavery in US Territories and future states?
Pg. 342
Prohibited in most of Louisiana Territory
What events led Monroe to issue the
“Monroe Doctrine”?
Some European monarchies planned to regain
their colonies in Central and South America
23. What did the
“Monroe Doctrine” state?
25. What did the “Monroe Doctrine” show about American
We considered ourselves a world power!